SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Lift and move material and equipment by means of a forklift 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244365  Lift and move material and equipment by means of a forklift 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
9599  Lift and move material and equipment by means of a forklift  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for persons who have the responsibility to lift and move material and equipment by means of a forklift.

Persons credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain the specified requirements pertaining to lifting, securing, transferring and positioning of loads.
  • Prepare for lifting, securing, transferring and positioning of loads.
  • Operate the forklift.
  • Perform post-lifting, securing, transferring and positioning activities.

    The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard contribute to social and economic transformation and the upliftment and economic growth of the mining and minerals sector by lifting and moving material and equipment by means of a forklift as part of the mining process.

    This unit standard is intended to promote general skills, knowledge and understanding of persons responsible for lifting and moving material and equipment by means of a forklift in the mining and minerals sector in order to ensure knowledgeable, competent and informed workers. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Operate a forklift, and should also understand the role that lifting and moving of loads plays in the complete process of mining at NQF Level 2.
  • Follow basic occupational health and safety practices underground at NQF Level 1. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the specified requirements pertaining to lifting, securing, transferring and positioning loads. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation describes the operational requirements of a forklift and the consequences to occupational health and safety if specified requirements are not adhered to. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Operational requirements must include:
  • Towing and speed limits.
  • Traffic Control Systems.
  • Environmental conditions i.e. heat, gases, dust, excessive water, and visibility and ventilation flow.
  • Sling types and colour coding.
  • Load mass limitations.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation describes the steps to be followed in the event of emergencies and the consequences to occupational health, safety and productivity if the specified requirements are not adhered to. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Emergency procedures must include:
  • Brake failure.
  • Fire to equipment/machinery.
  • Fall of Ground.
  • Collisions.
  • Power failures.
  • Restricted areas.
  • Chemicals.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation describes the importance of operating a forklift for lifting, securing, transferring and positioning of loads and the role in the production cycle and the consequences to occupational health, safety and production if these requirements are not adhered to. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare for lifting, securing, transferring and positioning of loads. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The required personal protective equipment is available, fit for purpose and used in accordance with its design and specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The designated parking area of the forklift is examined and hazards and substandard conditions are dealt with according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The required tools and equipment are available, fit for purpose and transported according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The pre-use and after start inspection is conducted according to the requirements on the provided checklists, defects identified are dealt with according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst preparing for lifting, securing, transferring and positioning of loads, is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Parking area examination.
  • Selection, examination and transportation of tools and equipment.
  • Pre-use and after start inspection.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Operate the forklift. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The physical conditions in the work area are continuously assessed and hazards and substandard conditions are dealt with according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Physical conditions must include:
  • Environmental conditions.
  • Ground conditions.
  • Roadway conditions.
  • Restricted areas.
  • Loading area conditions.
  • Traffic flow.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment are used according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The load is secured and the inclination to be traversed is verified according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Permissible load and securing methods must include:
  • Capacity loaded.
  • Permissible items.
  • Securing methods and mechanisms.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The load is transferred and positioned according to specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Interpersonal interaction is positive, consistent with specified requirements and promotes effective teamwork. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst lifting, securing, transferring and positioning of loads, is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Continuous area examination.
  • Use of tools and equipment.
  • Securing the load and verifying the inclination to be traversed.
  • Transferring and positioning the load.
  • Interpersonal interaction.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform post-lifting, securing, transferring and positioning activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The forklift is parked, secured and locked out according to specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment are prepared and stored for subsequent use and those defective are dealt with according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Reports are completed and submitted in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst performing post-lifting, securing, transferring and positioning activities is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Parking, securing and lock out procedure.
  • Preparation and storage of tools and equipment for subsequent use.
  • Completion and submission of reports.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:

    Causes and effects, implications of:
  • Hazards and risks not dealt with.
  • Sub-standard work practices.
  • Sub-standard use of tools and equipment.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Material removal techniques.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Safety, occupational health and environmental legislation and regulations.
  • Quality policies, standards and agreements.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Interpersonal interaction with team members. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.
  • Note: The ability of the learner to identify sub-standard and hazardous conditions, assess and take appropriate action. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.
  • Note: The ability and willingness of the learner to accept and interpret work instructions correctly. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.
  • Note: The ability of the learner to indicate what methods, tools and personal protective equipment is required and communicate to fellow workers his/her intentions and assistance required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
  • Note: The ability of the learner to reconcile the information from visual and physical examinations and constantly evaluate the changing situation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.
  • Note: The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazards and sub-standard conditions will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and occupational health of others.
  • Note: The learner demonstrates an understanding of and ability to use advanced mining technology in terms of production, safety and communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • Note: The ability of the learner to recognise the importance of safely moving material and to understand the consequences of not adhering to standards in terms of the safety of all persons working underground. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 9599, "Lift and move material and equipment by means of a forklift", Level 2, 3 credits.

    Terminology:

    Specified Requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act no 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act no 50/1991).
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice.
  • SANS and other relevant Standards.
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives.

    Site Specific:
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
  • Voluntary Codes of Practice.
  • Managerial Instructions.
  • Mine Standard Procedures.
  • List of Recorded OH&S Risks.
  • Working Guides.
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications of 1993.

    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the learner is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the learner can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Unit Standard Justification:

    Level:

    Attribute; Level; Justification:
  • Skills; Level 2; The skills required have some variety but are still fairly simple.
  • Procedures; Level 2; Although the procedure is known and familiar (as level 1) it is not as repetitive.
  • Context; Level 2; Although the process could occur in different contexts, the contexts are repeatedly applicable and known to the learner.
  • Knowledge; Level 2; The knowledge required is merely related to the operation and no theory needs to be applied.
  • Information processing; Level 2; Information is readily available but some processing is required.
  • Problem Solving; Level 2; The learner will only have to apply given solution to known/familiar problems.
  • Orientation of activities; Level 3; Follows instructions but has some autonomy to make own decisions.
  • Orientation of scope of responsibility; Level 2; Some responsibility towards quantity and quality, i.e. responsible for quantity and quality of item of competence and not the over al output.
  • Application of responsibility; Level 2; Learner's output is quality controlled.

    Average Level: 19/9 = 2.1.
    Actual Level Assigned: 2.

    Credits:

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:

    Activity; Hours:
  • Classroom Teaching; 12 Hours.
  • On-The-Job Training; 18 Hours.
  • Mentoring required; 0 Hours.
  • Other (Specify); 0 Hours.
  • Total; 30 Hours.

    Credits Achieved: 30/10 = 3.0.
    Actual Credits Assigned: 3. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  78944   National Certificate: Autotronics  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  65789   National Certificate: Construction Plant Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  66512   National Certificate: Foundry Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  MERSETA 
    Elective  64949   National Certificate: Laboratory Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  79686   National Certificate: Metal and Engineering Manufacturing Processes  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  64189   National Certificate: Metals Production  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  58739   National Certificate: Mining Operations for Underground Hard Rock  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  61929   National Certificate: Pulp and Paper Operations  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Elective  59017   National Certificate: Tissue Conversion  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Elective  80928   National Certificate: Confectionery (Chocolate, Sugar and Biscuit) Manufacturing  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 
    Elective  64829   National Certificate: Lifting Machine Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AETA Training Solutions 
    2. Agisanang SA Training 
    3. ALLOYS HEAD OFFICE 
    4. Amokoro Training (PTY) Ltd 
    5. Anglo American Platinum Amendelbult Concentrators 
    6. ArcelorMittal South Africa Ltd (VANDERBIJLPARK) (TP) 
    7. AREHONE MULTI TRAINING CENTRE 
    8. AVENG (AFRICA) (PTY) LTD 
    9. Aveng Grinaker -LTA Civil Engineering 
    10. BAFOKENG RASIMONE MANAGEMENT SERVICES PTY LTD 
    11. BARBERTON MINES (PTY) LTD 
    12. Bee-Safe Programme Development and Training (Pty) Ltd 
    13. BMW SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    14. BOOYSENDAL PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    15. BPC HR Solutions (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    16. College of Production Technology 
    17. COLLIERY TRAINING COLLEGE (PTY) LTD 
    18. CONCOR PROJECTS PTY LTD 
    19. CULLINAN DIAMOND MINE PTY LTD 
    20. Dawsons Training Academy (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    21. Dee's Training (PTY) LTD 
    22. DIGGERS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 
    23. Driving Sense 
    24. DWARSRIVER CHROME MINE (PTY) LTD 
    25. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    26. Eastcape Training Centre 
    27. EASTERN CHROME MINES 
    28. EASTERN CROME MINES SAMANCOR 
    29. Edu-Wise Group (Pty) Ltd 
    30. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
    31. Eskilz College (Pty) Ltd 
    32. FINSCH DIAMOND MINE(PTY) LTD 
    33. FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 
    34. GEOSTRAT TRAINING 
    35. GLENCORE OPERATIONS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 
    36. HOTAZEL MANGANESE MINES (PTY) LTD 
    37. IMPALA PLATINUM SERVICES LTD 
    38. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    39. Inkqubela Consultants 
    40. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    41. Kepus Safety Consulting Pty Ltd 
    42. KHUTALA MINING SERVICES PL 
    43. KROONDAL OPERATIONS (PTY) LTD 
    44. Legal Environment Safety & Health Requirements cc 
    45. Lehway Safty Training and Risk Management 
    46. LICENCE WISE TRAINING SPECIALISTS 
    47. MANCAS CONSULTINGS CC 
    48. MARULA PLATINUM PTY LTD 
    49. Masana Social Consultants cc 
    50. MATHOME TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    51. McCarthy Academy Cape Town (BLACKHEATH) (TP) 
    52. McCarthy Automotive Artisan Academy (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    53. McCarthy Automotive Artisans Academy (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    54. METSKILL PTY LTD 
    55. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE(PTY) LTD 
    56. MODIKWA MINING PERSONNEL SERVICES PTY L TD 
    57. MPACT 
    58. Mpact Operations Paper Springs 
    59. Mtimande & Associates 
    60. MVUSULUDZO PROJECTS (PTY) LTD 
    61. NKOMATI JOINT VENTURE 
    62. Nokaneng Environmental Management Consulting 
    63. NORTHAM PLATINUM LTD 
    64. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    65. PALABORA COPPER (PTY) LTD 
    66. PRISMA TRAINING SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    67. Progressive Computer Center 
    68. PROGRESSIVE TRAINING DEVELOPMENT AND PROJECTS (PTY) LTD 
    69. QMS Training 
    70. QTE Training & Consulting cc T/A QTE (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    71. Qualitas Training cc (SELBY) (TP) 
    72. RAI LOGISTICS CC (Ladysmith)(TP) 
    73. Raubex Construction Pty (Ltd) 
    74. RICHARDS BAY MINING PTY LTD 
    75. Russ Projects T/A Academy Workplace Development (AWD) (HARRIETDALE) (T 
    76. Rustenburg Platinum Mines - Union Section 
    77. SAFETY TRAINING PRACTITIONERS PTY LTD 
    78. SAMANCOR CHROME LTD 
    79. Samancor Chrome Ltd T/A Khuphuka Training & Development (MIDDELBURG) ( 
    80. SAPPI LTD 
    81. SAPPI SAICCOR (PTY) LTD (Umkomaas) 
    82. SASOL GLOBAL LEARNING 
    83. Scaw Metals Group (Pty) Ltd T/A Scaw Metals (DINWIDDIE) (TP) 
    84. Scaw Metals Group T/A Scaw Chain (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    85. SENZEKO EXECUTIVE RISK CC 
    86. SG Coal (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    87. SHAFT SINKERS MINING PTY LTD 
    88. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    89. SIBANYE RUSTENBURG PLATINUM MINES PTY LTD 
    90. SIYANDA BAKGATLA PLATINUM MINE 
    91. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    92. Striving Mind Academy and Consultancy Pty Ltd 
    93. T Africa Health & Safety Specialists (Pty) Ltd 
    94. Tamar Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    95. TAU LEKOA GOLD MINING COMPANY (PTY) LTD 
    96. TECHNOLOGY RISK SOLUTIONS (PTY)LTD 
    97. The Automobile Association of South Africa NPC T/A The AA Technical College(MIDRAND) (TP) 
    98. The Automobile Association of South Africa T/A AA Training Academy (MO 
    99. THE NEW RECLAMATION GROUP (PTY) LTD (Prospecton) (TP) 
    100. THUSANG METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING TRAINING AND CONSULTING CC 
    101. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    102. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (SANDTON) (TP) 
    103. TRAIN THE NATION AND ASSOCIATES (PTY) LTD 
    104. TRITON TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    105. TWO RIVERS PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    106. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    107. VENETIA MINE 
    108. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    109. WESTERN CHROME MINES 
    110. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 
    111. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    112. WISPECO ALUMINIUM (Alrode)(Project Site NVC)(TP) 
    113. XTRACT TRAINING SERVICES CC 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.