|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE:|
|National Diploma: Orientation and Mobility Practice for Blind and Partially Sighted Persons|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|49087||National Diploma: Orientation and Mobility Practice for Blind and Partially Sighted Persons|
|SGB Inclusive Education|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|Was ETDP SETA until Last Date for Achievement||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|National Diploma||Field 05 - Education, Training and Development||Adult Learning|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||248||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered"
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification is replaced by:
|Qual ID||Qualification Title||Pre-2009 NQF Level||NQF Level||Min Credits||Replacement Status|
|67373||National Diploma: Orientation and Mobility Practice||Level 5||NQF Level 05||240||Complete|
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
|The purpose of the Qualification is to ensure that practitioners are capable of enabling persons who are who are blind or partially sighted to be functionally independent by teaching them effective and appropriate orientation and mobility and skills of daily living. Such life skills will empower people who are blind or partially sighted and promote educational, social and economic inclusivity. The Qualification and its components are suited to train professionals who educate and train, as well as non-professionals such as parents and caregivers who are in contact with persons who are blind or partially sighted. The Qualification provides learners with the competencies to advocate for the necessity of Orientation and Mobility competence for people who are blind or partially sighted.
The qualified learners thus support people who are blind or partially sighted to enhance the quality of their lives, promote inclusion in the community and benefits the economy by adding to the competency pool and employability of people who are blind or partially sighted. Qualified learners are capable of:
Qualified learners also elect to become capable of:
A National Diploma in Orientation and Mobility Practice (NQF Level 5) will equip qualified learners to facilitate the independence of persons who are blind or partially sighted, thereby enhancing the quality of life of such persons. The Qualification not only equips the learner with specific competencies, but also those persons whose learning is facilitated by the qualified Orientation and Mobility Practitioner. The consequence of this is that the qualified learners can increase their earning capacity, as well as that of the individual who is blind or partially sighted who is assisted by the qualified practitioner. The qualified Orientation and Mobility Practitioners thus positively affect their communities through their services.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|The design and credits of this Qualification are based on the assumptions that learners have already attained the following competencies, before embarking on learning towards this Qualification:
Recognition of prior learning (RPL)
This Qualification can be achieved wholly, or in part, through recognition of prior learning. Evidence can be presented in a variety of forms, including previous international or local Qualifications, reports, testimonials, mentoring, functions performed, portfolios, work records and performance records. As such, evidence is judged according to the general principles of assessment described in the notes to assessors below. Learners who have met the requirements of any Unit Standard that forms part of this Qualification may apply for recognition of prior learning to the relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance body (ETQA). The applicant must be assessed against the specific outcomes and with the assessment criteria for the relevant Unit Standards. A Qualification will be awarded should a learner demonstrate that the exit level outcomes of the Qualification have been attained.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|Fundamental and Core
1. Communicate effectively with persons experiencing a visual barrier using Braille
2. Present and manage information to enhance own professional conduct
3. Travel through an environment whilst experiencing a visual barrier
4. Facilitate the travel of persons experiencing a visual barrier through an environment
5. Provide various means of support for persons experiencing a visual barrier
6. Conduct advocacy campaigns to the benefit of persons who are blind or partially sighted
7. Facilitate the development of strategies for optimal daily functioning for persons experiencing low vision
Elective (at least 15 credits required to qualify)
1. Facilitate optimal daily functioning for children who are blind or partially sighted
2. Facilitate the enhancement of life quality of persons with visual disabilities experiencing additional barrier/s
3. Develop new business ideas that are viable
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Fundamental and Core
Elective (at least 15 credits required to qualify)
The assessment criteria of the unit standards are performance-based, assessing applied competence rather than only knowledge, or skills. In addition, learners must demonstrate that they can achieve the outcomes in an integrated manner, dealing effectively with different and random demands related to the environmental conditions in occupational contexts, to qualify. Evidence is required that the learner is able to achieve the exit level outcomes of the Qualification as a whole and thus its purpose, at the time of the award of the Qualification. Workplace experience can be recognised when assessing towards this Qualification.
|Most orientation and mobility Qualifications are delivered in the United Kingdom and the United States of America. South Africa is the only African country with recorded orientation and mobility training.
In the United Kingdom, a two-year Diploma in Higher Education in Rehabilitation Studies is the equivalent of this South African Qualification. It contains an equivalent number of credits (240 credits) at the same level as this Qualification. Competencies addressed in the Qualification are equivalent with the exception of the United Kingdom Qualification addressing competencies related to the management of leisure and recreation, counselling/interpersonal skills (the South African Qualification requires referral to professionals such as psychologists) and reading and writing Grade 2 Braille. The equivalent competencies include (for 20 credits each):
The Qualification includes two practice placements. The South African Qualification addresses advocacy, research, travel and orientation through controlled environments whilst experiencing a visual barrier, and business development (elective) competence, not included in the United Kingdom Qualification.
The New Zealand framework has a Post Graduate Diploma in Rehabilitation specialising in rehabilitation of the visually impaired (Orientation and Mobility). The Qualification is shorter than the South African Diploma, as it consists of the equivalent of 160 credits, including a practice placement. The Qualification includes:
The South African Qualification addresses all the above components, and also advocacy, research, travel and orientation through controlled environments whilst experiencing a visual barrier, specialisation in orientation and mobility training for children (elective) and business development (also elective).
In the United States of America, a degree (equivalent to South African NQF Level 6) and a Master of Arts in Rehabilitation of the Blind specialising in Orientation and Mobility is offered (equivalent to South African NQF Level 7), that is longer than the South African Qualification (between 300 and 360 credits) and includes an internship. The Masters Qualification (closer equivalent to the South African Qualification) includes:
The South African Qualification appears to be equivalent - except for rehabilitation teaching and counselling - and addresses competencies not included in the above Master of Arts, such as advocacy, business development, communication, and specialising in training of children.
|Vertical articulation upwards is possible with small business management Qualifications, through the Elective component. Also, various unit standards also found in the National Certificate in Occupationally Directed ETD Practice (NQF Level 5) ensures horizontal articulation. Through the research competence required in the Core component, horizontal articulation with many Qualifications in the Higher Education and Training Band is possible, for example, the National Diploma in General Translation (NQF Level 5). Further horizontal articulation will be possible with a National Certificate in Braille Practice.|
|Moderation of assessment and accreditation of providers shall be at the discretion of a relevant ETQA as long as it complies with SAQA requirements. The ETQA is responsible for moderation of achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this Qualification. Particular moderation and accreditation requirements are:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|Assessment of learner achievements is conducted by providers accredited by the relevant ETQA (RSA, 1998b) for the provision of programs that result in the outcomes specified for this Qualification. Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this Qualification must be registered as an assessor with the ETQA. Assessors registered with the relevant ETQA must carry out the assessment of learners for the Qualification and any of the Unit Standards that make up this Qualification.
To register as an assessor, the following are required:
Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments:
In particular, assessors should assess that the learner demonstrates an ability to consider a range of options by:
All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well-documented principles:
|This qualification has been replaced by qualification 67373, which is "National Diploma: Orientation and Mobility Practice", Level 5, 241 credits.|
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||14048||Apply Self Management Concepts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||3|
|Core||110056||Conduct advocacy campaigns and workshops in development practice||Level 4||NQF Level 04||12|
|Core||114478||Conduct basic lay counselling in a structured environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Core||117095||Facilitate optimal functioning for persons who are blind and partially sighted in controlled environments||Level 4||NQF Level 04||15|
|Core||13674||Identify and support learners with special needs||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||110023||Present information in report format||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Core||117087||Read and write Grade 1 (Uncontracted) Braille||Level 4||NQF Level 04||12|
|Core||10291||Design, implement and follow up on internal assessment for adult learners||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Core||117092||Develop learning styles for facilitation of learning of people who are blind or partially sighted||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Core||117089||Enhance visual functioning of persons with low vision to improve quality of life||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Core||14800||Establish a community resource project||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||20|
|Core||116484||Evaluate a specified code of ethics and/or code of conduct||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||6|
|Core||117093||Facilitate travelling through environments for people who are blind or partially sighted||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Core||117091||Map aspects of the environment for persons who are blind and partially sighted||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Core||117088||Orientate self to the environment whilst experiencing a visual barrier||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Core||117090||Travel through environments whilst experiencing a visual barrier||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Core||10301||Complete a research assignment||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||20|
|Core||10305||Devise interventions for learners who have special needs||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||16|
|Fundamental||10292||Conduct research and liaison relevant to the learning situation||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Elective||114598||Demonstrate an understanding of an entrepreneurial profile||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||114585||Plan strategically to improve business performance||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||114592||Produce business plans for a new venture||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||114596||Research the viability of new venture ideas/opportunities||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||117094||Facilitate the development of quality of life skills of children who are blind and partially sighted||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||20|
|Elective||10294||Identify and respond to learners with special needs and barriers to learning||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|When qualifications are replaced, some of their learning programmes are moved to being recorded against the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replacement.
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
|1.||South African Guide-Dogs Association for the Blind|