SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION: 

National Certificate: Rail Operations (Functional Yard Operations) 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
66709  National Certificate: Rail Operations (Functional Yard Operations) 
ORIGINATOR ORIGINATING PROVIDER
SGB Rail and Pipeline Operations   
QUALITY ASSURING BODY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
TETA - Transport Education and Training Authority  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
National Certificate  Field 11 - Services  Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  121  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Reregistered  SAQA 0695/12  2012-07-01  2015-06-30 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2016-06-30   2019-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification replaces: 
Qual ID Qualification Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Min Credits Replacement Status
23893  National Certificate: Rail Operations (Functional Yard Operations)  Level 3  NQF Level 03  120  Complete 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:

A learner qualifying in this qualification will be able to execute train control functions to ensure the safe and timeous movement of rail-bound vehicles from one point to another under planned and controlled conditions.

A learner who has achieved this qualification will have extensive theoretical and practical knowledge and skills of all the functions in a marshalling yard and will manage the functional duties as required.

The qualifying learner will be capable of:
  • Preparing and despatching trains.
  • Using equipment and procedures to provide on-track protection.
  • Applying organisational standards and procedures in executing rail yard functions.

    Rationale:

    A safe and efficient rail transport system provides a key service of the transport sector of an economy. This qualification is intended for new entrants as well as existing personnel to gain formal recognition for learning in rail operations (yard personnel). It will serve to equip qualifying learners with the ability to perform functions related to a marshalling yard environment of rail operations.

    This unit standards-based qualification was generated to provide an opportunity for entry into the rail operation industry at NQF Level 3, a foundation for further learning at NQF Level 4 as well as for further development from NQF Level 2.

    This will allow persons currently in, or aspiring to enter the rail operations environment (Yard Personnel) and others to obtain an integrated practical and theoretical grounding in the operation of a marshalling yard and all the functions thereof, which includes utilising, planning and controlling of movement for shunting purposes.

    This will ensure a portable, nationally recognised qualification that will:
  • Improve the quality of safety in the work environment.
  • Provide a better service to clients.
  • Lead to transformation in economic growth and social development.
  • Better co-ordination between various functions within the yards, Joint Operating Office and open line working.

    The aim of this qualification is to create a life-long learning environment in which the individual can build on a personal career in the Rail Operations environment. The various skills programmes that exist will allow learners to progress to a national qualification in functional yard operations. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that a learner will be competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 2.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2.

    Recognition of Prior Learning:

    This Qualification and the entire fundamental, core and elective Unit Standards associated with it can be achieved by any learner through the recognition of prior learning, which includes learning outcomes achieved through formal, informal and non-formal learning and work experience. Learner and assessor will jointly decide on methods to determine prior learning and competence in the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes implicit in the qualification and the associated unit standards.

    This Recognition of Prior Learning may allow for:
  • Gaining of credits for unit standards in this qualification.
  • Obtaining this qualification in whole.

    All Recognition of Prior Learning is subject to quality assurance by the relevant ETQA or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.

    Access to the Qualification:
  • There is open access to this Qualification. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    The Qualification consists of a Fundamental, a Core and an Elective Component.

    To be awarded the Qualification learners are required to obtain a minimum of 121 credits as detailed below.

    Fundamental component

    The Fundamental Component consists of Unit Standards in:
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 3 to the value of 16 credits.
  • Communication at NQF Level 3 in a First South African Language to the value of 20 credits.

    All Unit Standards in the Fundamental Component are compulsory.

    Core component:
  • The Core Component consists of Unit Standards to the value of 54 credits all of which are compulsory.

    Elective component:
  • The Elective Component consists of individual unit standards from which the learner must choose unit standards totalling a minimum of 31 credits. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Prepare and dispatch trains for safe movement on rail.

    2. Execute protection procedures to ensure safe movement on rail.

    3. Conduct rail yard functions. 

    ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Assessment criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:

    1.1. A train profile is formulated according to the nature of rolling stock and destination.
    1.2. Shunting movement of rolling stock is controlled in a specific environment according to instructions, POSMOR and train working rules.
    1.3. Rail vehicles are inspected for road worthiness and compilation is inspected and rectified according to organisational standards and procedures.
    1.4. Despatching procedures, are executed according to organisational standards and procedures.
  • Range: Procedures include performing brake test and administration.

    Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:

    2.1. Radio communication skills are demonstrated during train control and protection procedures in accordance with protocols and organisational standards and procedures.
    2.3. A high-voltage earthing switch is operated according to manufacturer specifications and instructions.
    2.3. Procedures for the introduction, maintenance and discontinuation of on-track protection are executed in applicable area of operation according to train working rules.

    Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:

    3.1. Organisational requirements for various rail yard functions are described in terms of methods to achieve acceptable results.
    3.2. Consequences of not adhering to organisational requirements are described in terms of the impact on the organisation and safety.
    3.3. Rail yard functions are conducted in accordance with organisational requirements.

    Integrated Assessment:

    Integrated assessment at the level of the qualification provides an opportunity for learners to show that they are able to integrate concepts, principles and practice across unit standards to achieve competence that is grounded and coherent in relation to the purpose of the qualification. Integrated assessment should show how already demonstrated competence in individual areas can be linked and applied for the achievement of a holistic outcomes as described in the exit level outcomes.

    Integrated assessment must judge the quality of the observable performance, and also the quality of the thinking that lies behind it. Assessment tools must encourage learners to give an account of the thinking and decision-making that underpin their demonstrated performance. Some assessment practices will demand practical evidence while others may be more theoretical, depending on the type of outcomes to be assessed. The ratio between action and knowledge is not fixed, but varies according to the demands of the particular exit level outcome of the qualification.

    While the generic components of this qualification at NQF Level 3 can be assessed through occupational contexts and activities relating to Train Operations, care must be taken in both the learning programme and the assessment to ensure that these foundational skills are portable. The primary aim of this qualification is to ensure that learners have a sound general foundation to prepare them for further learning towards a specialised role in their chosen career path. Learners must be able to transfer generic skills across a number of different contexts, and apply them within a number of learning areas.

    A broad range of task-orientated and theoretical assessment tools may be used, with the distinction between practical knowledge and disciplinary knowledge maintained so that each takes its rightful place.

    Unit Standards in the qualification must be used to assess the specific and Critical Cross Field Outcomes. It is recommended that the assessment tools give Learners the opportunity to account for their decision-making and problem solving in line with the Specific Outcomes and related Assessment Criteria. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    The South African qualification was compared with equivalent international offerings in terms of the purpose, broad outcomes and the units of learning available in the following countries:
  • United Kingdom.
  • New Zealand.
  • United States of America.

    The comparable offering in the United Kingdom is a Level 2 NVQ in Rail Transport Operations (Shunting) 100/3579/5. This is a work-based qualification designed for candidates performing shunting operations within the rail industry to offer them the opportunity to prove competence of industrial performance, knowledge and understanding and to recognise their ability working in the sector. The purpose and broad outcomes of this qualification compares directly with the South African qualification.

    Of the 7 mandatory units, the following 5 units compare closely with the outcomes described in the core unit standards of the National Certificate in Rail Operations, Level 3.
  • L/102/3727: Prepare to undertake duties.
  • R/102/3728: Assist in the provision of a safe and secure work environment.
  • Y/102/3729: Obtain and communicate information.
  • L/102/3730: Develop and maintain productive working relationships.
  • K/102/3735: Assist in the preparation of rail vehicles and trains to meet operational requirements.
  • T/102/3737: Assist in the local movement of rail vehicles to meet operational requirements.

    The following optional units also bear a close resemblance to either unit standard titles or specific outcomes of the South African unit standards:
  • T/102/3754: Couple and uncouple rail vehicles (from shunting pathway).
  • R/102/3762: Assist in the safe operation of trains in service.
  • Y/102/3763: Contribute to the safe dispatch of trains from platforms.

    The New Zealand National Certificate in Rail Operations, Level 3 worth 135 credits (Ref. 1109).

    Includes the following core units that reflect a similarity with the South African qualification unit standards:
  • ID 16688: Identify and manage the effects of shift work, Level 2, 2 credits.
  • ID 497: Protect health and safety in the workplace, Level 1, 1 credit.
  • ID 17593: Apply safe work practices in the workplace, Level 2, 4 credits.
  • ID 1277 : Communicate information in a specified workplace, Level 2, 3 credits.
  • ID 9705 : Give and receive feedback, Level 3, 3 credits.
  • ID 18864: Demonstrate basic knowledge of railway signals, Level 2, 4 credits.
  • ID 19286: Demonstrate an advanced knowledge of railway signals, Level 4, 15 credits.
  • ID 19287: Demonstrate knowledge of the Centralised Traffic Control (CTC) system, Level 4, 5 credits.

    The following elective units cover similar learning areas as the South African unit standards as evidenced in unit standard titles, specific outcomes and assessment criteria:
  • ID 19394: Demonstrate knowledge of a track warrant control (TWC) system, Level 4, 6 credits.
  • ID 19395: Demonstrate knowledge of a single line automatic signalling (SLAS) system, Level 4, 5 credits.
  • ID 19396: Demonstrate knowledge of a double line automatic signalling (DLAS) system, Level 4, 5 credits.
  • ID 18869: Demonstrate basic knowledge of electric overhead traction systems, Level 2, 2 credits.
  • ID 18863: Service and operate a diesel-electric shunt class locomotive, Level 3, 5 credits.
  • ID 18868: Operate a two-way radio within a rail system, Level 2, 2 credits.
  • ID 18872: Move rail service vehicles using a shunt class or main line locomotive within yard limits, Level 3, 4 credits.
  • ID 19281: Perform core stationary shunting duties, Level 2, 2 credits.
  • ID 19282: Perform freight and passenger train shunting duties, Level 3, 8 credits.
  • ID 19283: Perform freight train inspection, Level 3, 10 credits.
  • ID 19288: Demonstrate knowledge of shunting terms, commands, and hand signals, Level 2, 2 credits.

    The National Academy of Railroad Sciences (NARS) in the USA offers several programs toward a career on the railroad. These programs are offered at various institutions such as the Johnson Community County College campus and include training for:
  • Railroad conductors.
  • Locomotive electricians.
  • Freight car operators.
  • Signalmen.
  • Railroad welders.
  • Locomotive mechanics.

    Many of the competencies covered in the South African qualification relate to the Railroad Train Conductors programme that includes the supervision of pre-trip activities, over-the-road operation of their train, post-trip activities and overall safe and efficient movement of their train. The skills include the ability to:
  • Verify the placement of cars on the train.
  • Inspect for hazardous material cars.
  • Inspect for Federal Railroad Administration requirement on the equipment.
  • Meet tonnage requirements for their train.
  • Verify signals.
  • Inspect line signals.
  • Pick up and set out cars.
  • Assist in picking up and setting out locomotives from the train.

    Information on training provided for personnel of Deutche Bahn, the largest rail service provider in Europe, is not readily available.

    The Ministry of Railways of the Indian Government is the operator of the largest rail network in the world and conducts training for personnel at the Railway Staff College in Baroda. Information on training is not readily available.

    Conclusion:

    All the comparisons outlined above indicate a considerable overlap in areas of learning as outlined in the South African qualification. The broad purpose of these qualifications is to compile, shunt and control trains in normal and abnormal conditions. The type of train control systems that are used varies across countries, however, the safety requirements for working under high-voltage lines and the use of a two-way radio for communication confirms the extent of the similarities. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    The possibility exists for vertical articulation with this Qualification. The following qualifications serve as examples of vertical articulation:
  • ID 66669: Further Education and Training Certificate: Rail Operations: Train Control, NQF Level 4.
  • ID 61670: Further Education and Training Certificate: Railway Construction and Maintenance, NQF Level 4.
  • ID 49067: Further Education and Training Certificate: Railway Signalling: Fault-finding and Repair of Equipment, NQF Level 4.

    Examples of horizontal articulation with this Qualification:
  • ID 49236: National Certificate: Rail Transport Passenger Services, NQF Level 3.
  • ID 49066: National Certificate: Railway Signalling: Installation and Scheduled Maintenance of Equipment, NQF Level 3.
  • ID 48437: National Certificate: Road Transport, NQF Level 3. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this qualification and the associated unit standards must be accredited by the relevant ETQA.
  • External Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA at its discretion.
  • The accredited Training Provider will oversee internal moderation of assessment.
  • Internal and external moderation should encompass achievement of competence described in the exit level outcomes of the qualification as well as the integrated competence described in the purpose of the qualification. 

  • CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    N/A 

    NOTES 
    As per the SAQA decision, after consultation with the Quality Councils, to re-register all qualifications and part qualifications on the National Qualifications Framework that meet the criteria for re-registration, this qualification has been re-registered from 1 July 2012.
    This qualification replaces qualification 23893, "National Certificate: Rail Operations (Functional Yard Operations)", Level 3, 120 credits. 

    UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  264375  Adhere to disciplinary code and grievance procedures  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  260957  Compile a train  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
    Core  262446  Despatch a train  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  262449  Devise strategies for the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  260918  Operate a radio transceiver  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  262445  Provide on-track protection  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  264338  Shunt rail vehicles  Level 3  NQF Level 03  18 
    Core  260919  Operate near and underneath high-voltage equipment  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  119472  Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9010  Demonstrate an understanding of the use of different number bases and measurement units and an awareness of error in the context of relevant calculations  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9013  Describe, apply, analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119457  Interpret and use information from texts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9012  Investigate life and work related problems using data and probabilities  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119467  Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  7456  Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business and national issues  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119465  Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  120337  Demonstrate knowledge pertaining to the preparation, conducting, recording and follow-up actions of a planned task observation in a working place  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  264384  Execute train movement procedures  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  264417  Execute train operating contingency plans  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  262448  Utilise fixed and temporary trackside indicators for rail movement  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  264396  Utilise radio order system of train control  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  264378  Utilise semaphore signals for rail movement on double lines  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  264381  Utilise semaphore signals for rail movement on single lines  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  264401  Utilise telegraph order system for safe movement on rail  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  264394  Utilise the wooden train staff system of train control for safe movement on rail  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  264399  Utilise Van Schoor method of train control for safe movement on rail  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  260920  Explain the topographical concepts of a trajectory within the rail environment  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  116594  Function in a team  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  264397  Monitor railway stock and related equipment  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  264372  Utilise colour-light signalling for rail movement  Level 4  NQF Level 04  18 
    Elective  264418  Utilise pilot working for safe movement on rail  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  264294  Utilise track warrant system of train control  Level 4  NQF Level 04 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    When qualifications are replaced, some (but not all) of their learning programmes are moved to the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replaced qualification.
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Quality Assuring Bodies have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Quality Assuring Body should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.