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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION: 

Further Education and Training Certificate: Diamond Processing 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
64729  Further Education and Training Certificate: Diamond Processing 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
MQA - Mining Qualifications Authority  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
Further Ed and Training Cert  Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology  Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  161  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Reregistered  SAQA 06120/18  2018-07-01  2023-06-30 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification replaces: 
Qual ID Qualification Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Min Credits Replacement Status
21843  National Certificate: Diamond Processing: Polisher - Brillianteer  Level 3  NQF Level 03  323  Complete 
21845  National Certificate: Diamond Processing: Polisher - Crossworker  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  351  Complete 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:

This qualification will equip qualifying learners with the necessary knowledge, understanding and competence to process diamond gemstones according to internationally recognised standards. It is aimed at people who work or intend to work within the diamond processing industry and who seek recognition for skills in processing diamond gemstones.

Recipients of this qualification know about and are able to process rough diamond gemstones into cut and polished diamond gemstones for sale in local and international markets. The ability of the industry to develop its potential in the beneficiation of raw materials is dependent upon the development of processing skills to provide the platform for expansion of the industry and to have a base of skilled workers in the skilled occupations of Crossworkers, Brillianteers, Bruters, Parters and Fancy Stone Makers.

The qualification is designed to be flexible and accessible so that people are able to consistently demonstrate the competencies required to work safely and effectively in processing diamond gemstones. The role of the diamond processing sector in terms of the jewellery manufacturing and diamond distribution system will be understood as well as the importance of their role in the distribution chain.

The candidate can select the stream they wish to specialize in:
  • A: Parting by sawing.
  • B: Bruting.
  • C: Crossworking.
  • D: Brillianteering.
  • E: Fancy Stone Making.

    Qualified learners will, subject to the elected stream, be able to:
  • Communicate and solve problems by applying mathematical practical applications in a variety of ways, including communication in a secondary language.
  • Understand the role of team leadership in the workplace.
  • Adhere to occupational safety, health and environmental requirements.
  • Describe the structure and properties of diamond gemstones.
  • One of the following:
    > Part diamond gemstones by sawing.
    > Brute diamond gemstones for crossworking.
    > Crosswork diamond gemstones.
    > Polish crossworked diamond gemstones (Brillianteering).
    > Make fancy shaped diamond gemstones.

    This qualification develops the understanding of the processing of rough diamonds into cut and polished diamond gemstones which falls in the sub-field Fabrication and Extraction. It will enable learners to be informed workers in the Industry. It provides a balanced learning experience that allows flexible access to life long learning in further or higher education and productive employment in the diamond processing industry.

    Rationale:

    The processing of diamonds is not a mechanical process, but one which requires understanding of the nature and structure of the diamond crystal, how the processing reveals the qualities of the gemstone and how impurities can affect the ultimate value of the gemstone. The need for this qualification was identified by a number of means.
  • It has been identified as one of the priority areas within the Mining and Minerals Sector by means of the Sector Skills Plan.
  • It has been identified by research commissioned by the Mining Qualifications Authority (MQA) and the German Technical Co-operation (GTZ) which research was published in May 2003 in a work entitled "A Skills Analysis of the Jewellery Manufacturing and Gemstone Processing Industries in South Africa".
  • Employers within the diamond processing industry have indicated the need to give formal recognition to the learning given to the majority of employees in the industry (most of whom are previously disadvantaged).
  • Unions and employers in the industry recognise the need to replace previous "journeyman trades" with structured outcomes based qualifications.
  • The changing technology within the diamond processing industry requires that processors are equipped with recognised skills that are able to be applied under a variety of circumstances caused by the dynamic change in supply of rough stones for processing.
  • The quality standards to enable the South African industry to compete favourably with overseas processing industries demand that stringent quality and operating standards are applied to enable the diamond processing sector to remain viable in South Africa and support the expansion of the wider jewellery manufacturing industry.

    This qualification is a revision and combination of the previous National Certificates Diamond Processing: Polisher - Brillianteering (NLRD 21843); and National Certificates Diamond Processing: Polishing - Crossworking (NLRD 21845); as well as other qualifications previously prepared for Bruters and Sawyers. Changes are incorporated as a result of practical implementation within the sector and reflect the drive towards continual improvement.

    The Further Education and Training Certificate: Diamond Processing at NQF Level 4 is designed to meet the needs of learners in or wishing to enter into the diamond processing industry as well as the needs of employers wishing to promote recognised levels of competence in the workforce. The recognition of journeymen has been by way of a trade test that did not encompass the full extent of theoretical knowledge that this qualification embraces. Previously workers were trained and developed using informal methods and tutelage. The associated status of a nationally recognised qualification will serve as a motivation for high-level learners to enter the career of diamond processing. Current process operators, particularly, will benefit from the opportunities of assessment and subsequent recognition presented by RPL (Recognition of Prior Learning).

    This is a key qualification that allows for mobility and portability within the diamond processing sector. It is a step towards obtaining a range of qualifications in diamond processing for learners who:
  • Were previously disadvantaged.
  • Have worked in the diamond processing industry for many years, but have no formal qualification in their area of work.
  • Wish to extend their knowledge and understanding of the diamond processing industry.
  • Have acquired the NQF Level 3 qualification in diamond processing and wish to extend their skills within the industry.
  • Have recently taken up a position in the diamond processing industry.

    This qualification will also provide entrants to the industry with a structured framework to develop a measured career path within the diamond processing industry. The majority of the candidates for this qualification are likely to be working in the diamond processing industry already. The qualification will give them the opportunity to have their skills recognised in a structured way between practical experience and theoretical understanding. This qualification would provide a launching pad for development into diamond polishing qualifications at higher levels.

    There is a critical need in the industry to convert experienced personnel into qualified practitioners to raise the credibility of the industry and to enhance South Africa's reputation as a centre for diamond processing. This qualification would provide experienced, but unrecognised people in the industry an opportunity to establish and have recognised their skills for further development.

    The intention is:
  • To promote the development of knowledge and competencies that are required in the diamond processing industry.
  • To develop the potential of employees in the diamond processing industry.
  • To provide opportunities for life long learning for learners who work in the diamond processing industry where no general formal qualification previously existed, and who have not been given the opportunity to take up the previous qualification yet.

    The Further Education and Training Certificate: Diamond Processing will produce knowledgeable workers who are able to contribute to improved productivity within the diamond processing industry. It should provide the means for current workers to receive recognition of prior learning. The qualification is structured in a way that exposes learners to the different aspects of diamond processing. It is anticipated that this qualification will promote the notion of lifelong learning by encouraging entrants to the industry and existing participants to seek recognition for and develop their skills.

    This is the second tier of qualification in a learning pathway for Diamond Processing. The learner, once equipped with the competencies of this qualification will be recognised in one of the trades of Sawyer, Bruter, Crossworker, Brillianteer or Fancy Stone Maker. Alternatively the learner may pursue the path of diamond design and examination and ultimately one of supervision and management in the industry. Qualifying learners will be appointed as Processors according to the elected stream, controlling the complete diamond processing activity by means of technologically advanced processes to create cut and polished diamond gemstones for sale into local or international markets. This qualification will also provide a foundation for learners wishing to advance to the related qualifications of diamond design and evaluation, examination or support services. For some learners this qualification will provide the opportunity for progression into Supervisory, Management and Leadership responsibilities in the workplace.

    The qualification is designed to be flexible and accessible so that people are able to demonstrate the competencies in diamond processing across the jewellery manufacturing sector of the mining and minerals sector. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that candidates embarking on learning towards this qualification are already competent in:
  • Communication and mathematical literacy at NQF Level 3.

    Recognition of Prior Learning:

    This qualification can be obtained by completing all the required unit standards in a structured learning programme, or through recognition of prior learning (RPL). The criteria for RPL would need to be in line with the MQA's ETQA requirements.

    Evidence can be presented in a variety of forms, including international or previous local qualifications, reports, testimonials mentioning functions performed, work records, portfolios, videos of practice and performance records.

    All such evidence would be judged according to the general principles of assessment.

    Access to the qualification:

    Access is open; however it is preferable that learners have completed the National Certificate: Diamond Processing, NQF Level 3. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    Fundamentals:
    All 56 credits are compulsory and must be achieved.

    Core:
    All 33 credits are compulsory.

    Electives:
    A minimum of 58 elective credits as specified below must be achieved.

    There are five specialisations areas:
  • A: Parting by sawing.
  • B: Bruting.
  • C: Crossworking.
  • D: Brillianteering.
  • E: Fancy Stone Making.

    For Specialization area A: Parting by Sawing, the following unit standards (51 credits) are to be achieved:

    Title; Level; Credits:
  • Set up diamond gemstones for sawing; Level 4; 2 credits.
  • Kerf diamond gemstones for sawing; Level 4; 10 credits.
  • Part diamond gemstones by sawing; Level 4; 12 credits.
  • Part multiple diamond gemstones; Level 4; 15 credits.
  • Part diamond gemstones by means of laser cutting; Level 4; 12 credits.

    Total: 51 credits.

    A further 21 credits are to be chosen from the rest of the electives to make up a minimum of 161 credits for the qualification.

    For Specialization area B: Bruting, the following unit standards (58 credits) are to be achieved:

    Title; Level; Credits:
  • Set sharp for cutting diamond gemstones by hand; Level 4; 4 credits.
  • Brute diamond gemstones by hand; Level 4; 12 credits.
  • Rondist diamond gemstones by hand; Level 4; 12 credits.
  • Operate and maintain a bruting machine; Level 4; 12 credits.
  • Shape diamond gemstones by hand - fancy cut; Level 4; 18 credits.

    Total: 58 credits.

    A further 14 credits are to be chosen from the rest of the electives to make up a minimum of 161 credits for the qualification.

    For Specialization area C: Crossworking, the following unit standards (72 credits) are to be achieved:

    Title; Level; Credits:
  • Prepare and set up a bench for polishing diamond gemstones; Level 4; 2 credits.
  • Level tangs for crossworking and brillianteering diamond gemstones; Level 4; 6 credits.
  • Prepare a scaiffe for crossworking and brillianteering diamond gemstones; Level 4; 3 credits.
  • Operate adjustable tangs for polishing diamond gemstones; Level 4; 5 credits.
  • Prepare rough diamond gemstones for crossworking; Level 4; 8 credits.
  • Crosswork bottom blocking on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 6 credits.
  • Crosswork top blocking on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 6 credits.
  • Balance naifs on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 8 credits.
  • Work out impurities and gletzes on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 8 credits.
  • Crosswork bottoms on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 10 credits.
  • Crosswork tops on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 10 credits.

    Total: 72 credits.

    For Specialization area D: Brillianteering, the following unit standards (56 credits) are to be achieved:

    Title; Level; Credits:
  • Prepare and set up a bench for polishing diamond gemstones; Level 4; 2. credits
  • Level tangs for crossworking and brillianteering diamond gemstones; Level 4; 6 credits.
  • Prepare a scaiffe for crossworking and brillianteering diamond gemstones; Level 4; 3 credits.
  • Operate adjustable tangs for polishing diamond gemstones; Level 4; 5 credits.
  • Brillianteer top halves on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 10 credits.
  • Brillianteer bottom halves on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 12 credits.
  • Brillianteer stars on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 6 credits.
  • Work out impurities and naifs on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 12 credits.

    Total: 56 credits.

    A further 16 credits are to be chosen from the rest of the electives to make up a minimum of 161 credits for the qualification.

    For Specialization area E: Fancy Stone Making, the following unit standards (70 credits) are to be achieved:

    Title; Level; Credits:
  • Prepare and set up a bench for polishing diamond gemstones; Level 4; 2 credits.
  • Level tangs for crossworking and brillianteering diamond gemstones; Level 4; 6 credits.
  • Prepare a scaiffe for crossworking and brillianteering diamond gemstones; Level 4; 3 credits.
  • Operate adjustable tangs for polishing diamond gemstones; Level 4; 5 credits.
  • Prepare rough diamond gemstones for crossworking; Level 4; 8 credits.
  • Balance naifs on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 8 credits.
  • Work out impurities and gletzes on diamond gemstones; Level 4; 8 credits.
  • Work out impurities and naifs on diamond; Level 4; 12 credits.
    PLUS
  • Fancy cut square shaped diamond gemstones; Level 4; 18 credits.
    OR
  • Fancy cut irregular shaped diamond gemstones; Level 4; 18 credits.

    Total: 70 credits.

    A further 2 credits are to be chosen from the rest of the electives to make up a minimum of 161 credits for the qualification. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    Candidates will be required to achieve the first 3 Exit Level Outcomes plus one additional Exit Level Outcome from Exit Level Outcome 4-8.

    1. Communicate and solve problems by applying practical mathematical applications in a variety of ways.

    2. Adhere to occupational health, safety and environmental standards in the workplace.

    3. Describe the structure and properties of diamond gemstones.

    4. Part diamond gemstones by sawing.

    OR

    5. Brute diamond gemstones by hand for crossworking.

    OR

    6. Crosswork diamond gemstones.

    OR

    7.Brillianteer diamond gemstones.

    OR

    8. Make Fancy Cut Diamond Gemstones.
  • Range: Fancy Cut Shapes either square shaped diamond gemstones or irregular shaped diamond gemstones.

    Critical Cross field Outcomes:

    Critical cross-field outcomes have been addressed by the exit level outcomes as follows:

    While conducting activities related to diamond processing, learners are able to:

    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying and using tools and equipment to process diamonds in accordance with the relevant requirements, techniques and best operating practices.
  • Conducting evaluation, design and marking, grading or inspection activities related to diamond processing.
  • Responding to non-conformances in a diamonds processing environment.
  • Apply preventative or remedial action in accordance with operating procedures.

    The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.

    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Contributing to team goals and achievements by adhering to agreed working methods and processes.
  • Contributing to team efficiency by supporting other team members in the diamonds processing environment.
  • Adhering to team protocols, codes of conduct and generally promoting a positive team spirit.
  • Coordinating one's work with that of others in the direct surrounding area, internal and external operations.

    The above is evident in all 8 Exit Level Outcomes.

    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Applying operating instructions to control and respond to conditions in the diamonds processing field.
  • Taking preventive and remedial action to solve operating problems while processing diamonds.
  • Maintaining product quality with reference to key aspects and critical conditions in a diamonds processing environment.
  • Adhering to strict security and control requirements particular to the diamond industry.

    The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.

    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Applying the principles related to the properties of diamonds in terms of value and potential.
  • Applying relevant basis and techniques to determine the value of diamonds.
  • Use and interpret instruments such as recognised price lists.

    The above is evident in Exit Level Outcome 3.

    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Interpreting, recording and reporting information pertaining to diamonds processing.
  • Preparing and submitting reports, non-conformance reports and other required documentation.

    The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 1, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.

    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Applying occupational health, safety and environmental requirements in the workplace.
  • Using relevant terminology and adhering to standard protocols such as SI, ISO and international standards applicable in the diamond design and evaluation field.
  • Controlling technologically advanced production equipment according to operating procedures.
  • Deploying computers to assist in the diamond design and evaluation process.

    The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8.

    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation by:
  • Understanding the impact of diamond processing and evaluation activities in the context of the broader diamond and gemstone industry, and his/her own role in each context.
  • Requesting assistance from other team members and support personnel.
  • Assisting other team members and working together with support personnel to conduct diamond fabrication activities and to investigate and resolve problem areas.

    The above is evident in Exit Level Outcomes 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8. 

  • ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
  • Oral communication is maintained and adapted as required to promote effective interaction in a work context.
  • Written communication is conducted at an appropriate level for designated target audiences.
  • Oral and written communication is conducted at an appropriate level in a second language.
  • Mathematical principles and techniques are applied while performing the tasks in the operational context.
  • Problems and solutions are recorded and monitored for reoccurrence.
  • Responsibilities of a team leader are identified and communicated in the workplace.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
  • Occupational Health and Safety legislation applicable to the workplace is understood and applied at all times as per workplace requirements.
  • First aid is administered appropriately in the workplace and reported according to organisational and legislative requirements.
  • Safe, healthy and environmentally related activities are conducted in a diamond processing environment according to the Occupational Health, Safety and Environmental requirements.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
  • The properties of diamonds are explained and the implications on ultimate value of the processed diamond is interpreted against international standards.
  • The structure of diamonds are described and are related to the risks and opportunities for processing to make polished diamond gemstones.
  • The basis of valuation of diamond gemstones is understood and the impact of non compliance with processing procedures is explained in terms of the loss of potential value.
  • The potential impact of proportion on the ultimate value of the diamond gemstone is explained.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
  • Tools and equipment are identified and their applications are explained in terms of their application for processing diamonds.
  • The activities and critical aspects of setting diamond gemstones for sawing are described and the importance to the process demonstrated in terms of the properties and value of the finished gemstone.
  • The importance of accurate kerfing of rough diamond gemstones is explained in relation to the ultimate value and shape of the diamond, weight loss and implication of non-compliance.
  • Diamond gemstones are parted to specification and the implications of non conformance is explained in terms of potential loss of value of the finished gemstones.
  • Multiple numbers of diamond gemstones are sawn simultaneously to meet international standard of parting.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 5:
  • The tools and equipment are identified and their use is explained in terms of their application for processing diamonds.
  • The activities in bruting diamond gemstones by hand for processing are explained and the importance to the process is demonstrated in terms of the properties and value of the finished gemstone.
  • Diamond gemstones and sharps are set and prepared for bruting in accordance with workplace processing standards.
  • Bruting or shaping is carried out according to acceptable international processing standards.
  • Rondisting is carried out by hand according to acceptable international standards.
  • Bruting machines are operated and maintained according to manufacturers specifications.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 6:
  • The tools and equipment are identified and their use is explained in terms of their application for crossworking diamonds.
  • Benches and equipment are prepared, balanced, levelled and set to enable accurate and efficient crossworking or brillianteering of diamond gemstones.
  • The activities in crossworking diamond gemstones are explained and the importance to the process is demonstrated in terms of the properties and value of the finished gemstone.
  • The importance of communication between Crossworker, Marker, Brillianteer and Manager is explained in terms of clarification of work to be conducted.
  • Diamond gemstones are crossworked according to acceptable international standards.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 7:
  • The tools and equipment are identified and their use is explained in terms of their application for brillianteering diamonds.
  • Benches and equipment are prepared, balanced, levelled and set to enable accurate and efficient crossworking or brillianteering of diamond gemstones.
  • The activities in brillianteering diamond gemstones are explained and the importance to the process is demonstrated in terms of the properties and value of the finished gemstone.
  • The importance of communication between Crossworker, Marker, Brillianteer and Manager is explained in terms of clarification of work to be conducted.
  • Diamond gemstones are brillianteered according to acceptable international standards.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 8:
  • The tools and equipment are identified and their use is explained in terms of their application for processing diamonds.
  • Benches and equipment are prepared, balanced, levelled and set to enable accurate and efficient crossworking or brillianteering of diamond gemstones.
  • The activities in fancy stone making of diamond gemstones are explained and the importance to the process is demonstrated in terms of the properties and value of the finished gemstone.
  • The importance of communication between Fancy Stone Maker, Marker and Manager is explained in terms of clarification of work to be conducted.
  • Diamond gemstones are made to fancy shapes according to acceptable international standards.

    Integrated Assessment:

    Integrated assessment at the level of the qualification provides an opportunity for learners to show they are able to integrate concepts, actions and ideas achieved across a range of unit standards and contexts.

    Integrated assessment must evaluate the quality of observable performance as well as the thinking behind the performance, and must be based on a summative assessment guide. The guide will spell out how the assessor will assess different aspects of the performance and will include:
  • Observing the learner at work (both in the primary activity as well as other interactions).
  • Asking questions and initiating short discussions to test understanding.
  • Looking at records and reports in the portfolio and reviewing previous assessments.

    In some cases interference will be necessary to determine competence depending on the nature and context within which performance takes place.

    It is necessary to ensure that the fundamental part of the qualification is also targeted to ensure that while the competence may have been achieved in a particular context, learners are able to apply it in a range of other contexts and for future learning. The assessment should also ensure that all the critical cross-field outcomes have been achieved.

    The learner may choose in which language s/he wants to be assessed. This should be established as part of a process of preparing the learner for assessment and familiarising the learner with the approach being taken.

    While this is primarily a workplace-based qualification, evidence from other areas of endeavour may be introduced if pertinent to any of the exit-level outcomes. The assessment process should cover both the explicit tasks required for the qualification as well as the understanding of the concepts and principles that underpin the activities associated with processing diamonds. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    The search for internationally comparable qualifications indicates that the qualifications developed in South Africa in respect to diamond processing are the only standards of their kind. The diamond industry is a relatively small industry world-wide with a defined channel of trade which provides a close community of people who are knowledgeable about the industry.

    In seeking to establish whether qualifications in diamond processing exist elsewhere the following channels have been pursued:
  • Contact with established players in the South African industry, including leading diamond cutting operations, internationally linked gemstone valuators, internationally linked training institutions, and people with many years established connections to De Beers, the leading role-player in the distribution of diamond gemstones in the world.
  • There are established diamond trading centres in the world and the diamond clubs and employer associations from the following countries were contacted with a view to establish comparable qualifications:
    > Austria: World Federation of Diamond Clubs: info@worldfed.com.
    > Belgium: Beurs Voor Diamanthandel: info@diamondbourse.be, Syndikaat Der Belgische Diamantnijverheid (SDB): sdb@sdb.be and HRD Antwerp NV: info@hrd.be.
    > SIHA which is a trade school in Belgium that offers courses in diamond polishing trades (www.siha.be).
    > Canada: Canadian Jewellers Institute: cji@canadianjewellers.com.
    > Robert Ward Industrial & Mine Training Coordinator at Aurora College rward@auroracollege.nt.ca.
    > Courtenay Keenan Instructor, Diamond Cutting and Polishing at Aurora College rckeenan@auroracollege.nt.ca.
    > China: Shanghai Diamond Exchange: members@cnsde.com.
    > England: The London Diamond Bourse: Maxime@londonbourse.com.
    > India: Bharat Diamond Bourse: info@bdbindia.org.
    > Israel: Israel Diamond Exchange Ltd: irit@isde.co.il and The Israel Manufacturers Association Ltd: besser@isdma.com.
    > Netherlands: Vereniging Beurs Voor Den Diamonthandel: Diamondbourse. Amsterdam@inter.NL.net and Algemene Juweliersvereniging: royal@asscher.nl.
    > Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka Diamond Manufacturers Association: nigel.austin@nisol.lk.
    > Thailand: Bangkok Diamond and Precious Stones Exchange: bdpe@ksc.th.com and The Thai Diamond Diamond Manufacturers Association: tdma@loxinfo.co.th.
    > USA: New York Diamond Dealers Club: mhochbaum@ddcny.com and Diamond Manufacturers & importers Association of America: wfdiamonds@aol.com.

    These countries were contacted because they are the countries where major diamond processing takes place.

    The enquiries reveal that there are centres that offer qualifications in diamond and gemstone valuation in various countries, but the only country that offers a formal qualification for people who process rough diamonds into cut and polished gemstones is through the Belgian Government. The Ministerie van Tewerkstekking en Arbaied, through the Paritair Comitévoor de Diamantnijverheid en-handel, do offer tradesman recognition for the traditional occupations of Sawyer, Crossworker, Bruter and Brillianteer which is a vocational education diploma in Diamond Cutting. The programme takes six years to complete. There is an optional seventh year for a higher graded certificate. This qualification is at the level of journeyman and would fit at the same level as this Further Education and Training Certificate qualification. The qualification is offered by SIHA (see above for contact).

    Given that this qualification consists of five streams (one of which is not catered for specifically by the Belgian qualification - Fancy Stone Making) the credits would appear to be consistent with this qualification. The Belgian qualification is supported by the HRD (Belgian Diamond Board equivalent) and the school is a member of a group called Parelemant Lycéen Européan, an international organisation of 11 European countries for schools with departments in gold, jewellery and gemstones.

    There is also an American organisation called the American Institute of Diamond Cutting, based in Florida. This institution is licensed by the Florida Department of Education and offers three levels of Diamond Cutting courses: Beginners, Intermediate and Advanced. Each programme operates for three months and the institution issues its own certificate from AIDC Inc. The programmes offered cover the same syllabus as this qualification, but the credits would appear to be significantly less than this qualification and the Belgian equivalent. Local intelligence indicates that the certificate from AIDC would not be well respected internationally, whereas the Belgian certificate would indicate a thoroughly competent journeyman.

    Qualifications previously designed in South Africa for the journeymen positions of Sawyer, Bruter, Crossworker and Brillianteer have been assessed by international contacts with South African diamond cutters as superior to the journeyman trade tests that have existed. The same structure as to the qualification at Level 3 has been applied and can be considered to be superior in the application of theory to practical abilities as those that have replaced the journeyman trade tests.

    Feedback from associates of South African training and professional service providers from Belgium and Canada has indicated that the unit standards developed in South Africa are of a high standard. Experienced managers and craftsmen in South Africa with international experience have also indicated that the standard of unit standards that make up this qualification are at a level that is comparable to best practices in countries such as Belgium, Israel, China and India. Sources of this information come from experienced people working with international connections from organisations that include:
  • Diamond Education College: Mr. Teinie Barnes.
  • EGL: Mr. Alan Lowe and Mr. Brian Lyle.
  • Harry Oppenheimer Diamond Training School: Mr. Koos Rademeyer.
  • RosyBlue: Mr. Ravi Samarakone and Mr. Collin Sellwood.
  • Safdico: Mr. Derek Henderson.
  • UASA: Mr. John Leenaerts and Mr. Jan Swanpoel.
  • Vancut Diamond Cutting Works: Mr. Ilan Richer.
  • Zlotowskis Diamond Cutting Works: Mr. Daan Royffe and Mr. Howard Bell.

    Contact has been made with organisations in SADC countries who are also seeking to establish recognition for the same skills as covered by this qualification. Neither Namibia nor Botswana, who are rapidly developing diamond processing skills, have a formal system and the MQA has been approached to establish qualifications developed in South Africa could be used to establish regional standards through SADC.

    In conclusion, it appears that South Africa has been the first country after Belgium to establish formal national qualifications in diamond processing and that Belgium offers the only other comparable international qualifications at this time. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    This qualification allows for both vertical and horizontal articulation.

    Vertical articulation exists with the proposed qualification:
  • National Certificate: Diamond Trading, NQF Level 5.

    Horizontal articulation exists between the five specialisation areas contained in this qualification and the proposed qualification:
  • Further Education and Training Certificate: Diamond Trading, NQF Level 4. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against the qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the associated unit standards.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    Assessors should be in possession of:
  • An appropriate qualification above the level of this qualification and preferably relevant workplace practical experience.
  • Registration as an assessor with the relevant ETQA. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    NOTES 
    This qualification replaces the following qualifications:
  • ID 21843: National Certificate: Diamond Processing: Polisher - Brillianteer, Level 3, 323 credits.
  • ID 21845: National Certificate: Diamond Processing: Polisher - Crossworker, Level 4, 351 credits. 

  • UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  116534  Carry out basic first aid treatment in the workplace  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Core  242668  Demonstrate knowledge and application of the Occupational Health and Safety Act, 85 of 1993 (OHSA) (as amended) and the responsibilities of management in terms of the Act  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  260402  Demonstrate understanding of the implementation of occupational health, safety and environmental legislation in a diamond processing workplace  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  259777  Describe the structure and properties of gem diamonds  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Core  242821  Identify responsibilities of a team leader in ensuring that organisational standards are met  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Core  259761  Use a loupe for advanced applications in examining diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  119472  Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119457  Interpret and use information from texts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119467  Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  119465  Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Fundamental  9015  Apply knowledge of statistics and probability to critically interrogate and effectively communicate findings on life related problems  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  119462  Engage in sustained oral/signed communication and evaluate spoken/signed texts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  119469  Read/view, analyse and respond to a variety of texts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  9016  Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  119471  Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  7468  Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Fundamental  119459  Write/present/sign for a wide range of contexts  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260403  Balance naifs on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260458  Brillianteer bottom halves on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
    Elective  260461  Brillianteer stars on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260418  Brillianteer top halves on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  260557  Brute diamond gemstones by hand  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
    Elective  260459  Crosswork bottom blocking on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260404  Crosswork bottoms on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  260416  Crosswork tables on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260457  Crosswork top blocking on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260398  Crosswork tops on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  260408  Facet the girdle by hand  Level 4  NQF Level 04  18 
    Elective  260538  Fancy cut irregular shaped diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04  18 
    Elective  260413  Fancy cut square shaped diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04  18 
    Elective  260539  Groove diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  260407  Improve impurities in diamond gemstones through laser drilling  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260419  Inscribe polished diamond gemstones by laser  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
    Elective  260400  Kerf diamond gemstones for sawing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  260464  Level tangs for crossworking and brillianteering diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  253808  Operate adjustable tangs for polishing diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260411  Operate and Maintain a bruting machine  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
    Elective  260397  Part diamond gemstones by means of cleaving  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260518  Part diamond gemstones by means of laser cutting  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
    Elective  260401  Part diamond gemstones by sawing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
    Elective  260405  Part multiple diamond gemstones by sawing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  15 
    Elective  260537  Polish the girdle on a brillianteered diamond gemstone  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
    Elective  260414  Prepare a scaiffe for crossworking or brillianteering diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260417  Prepare and set up a bench for polishing diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260415  Prepare rough diamond gemstones for crossworking  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260409  Remove Impurities in Diamond Gemstones through pressure boiling  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260438  Repair polished diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04  18 
    Elective  260410  Rondist diamond gemstones by hand  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 
    Elective  260412  Set sharp for cutting diamond gemstones by hand  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260399  Set up diamond gemstones for sawing  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260439  Shape diamond gemstones by hand - fancy cut  Level 4  NQF Level 04  18 
    Elective  260517  Shape diamond gemstones by laser cutting  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10 
    Elective  260462  Work out impurities and gletzes on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
    Elective  260460  Work out impurities and naifs on diamond gemstones  Level 4  NQF Level 04  12 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    When qualifications are replaced, some (but not all) of their learning programmes are moved to the replacement qualifications. If a learning programme appears to be missing from here, please check the replaced qualification.
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. African Minerals College 
    2. Diamond Education College Cc 
    3. THE DIAMOND TRAINING SCHOOL 



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