|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|REGISTERED QUALIFICATION THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE:|
|Further Education and Training Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Machining and Tooling|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|91925||Further Education and Training Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Machining and Tooling|
|SGB Generic Manufacturing, Engineering, Technology|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|The individual Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary for each Learning Programme recorded against this qualification is shown in the table at the end of this report.||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|Further Ed and Training Cert||Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology||Fabrication and Extraction|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||132||Level 4||NQF Level 04||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered"
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
The purpose of the qualification is to provide learners, education and training providers and employers with the standards and the range of learning required to work effectively in various industries making use of engineering machining skills to meet the challenges of such an environment.
The primary skill that is recognised in this qualification is the ability to produce components of some complexity using a variety of machining methods. This capability requires an understanding of advanced machining theory, detailed engineering drawings and a variety of tests and treatments used on engineering metals. Hand skills play a large role in this qualification.
Qualifying learners will also be able to relate what they are doing to scientific and technological principles and concepts. They will also be able to maintain and support the various policies and procedures related to the safety, health, environment and quality systems that govern their workplace.
Qualifying learners at NQF Level 4 will be able to:
The qualification addresses needs as identified in the machining disciplines as part of the mechanical engineering sector to ensure that there is a capacity to meet the growth demand of the sector. The mechanical engineering sector broadly refers to manufacturing plants, processing plant and other industrial operations, ensuring that production efficiencies, plant and machine availability and quality of output are consistently maintained in support of competitiveness. This occupational qualification serves the need of the society and the economy by providing engineering support services in the manufacture and maintenance of machinery, plant and engineering systems in industries such as:
The industries within these sectors include specific needs related to amongst others:
The range of typical learners at this level could include individuals preparing to qualify in occupations or trades such as:
This mechanical engineering qualification provides the learner with the intermediate skills, knowledge and competencies that are required within the machining environment providing a common set of specialisation skills in Machining, Tool, Die, Mould and Jig Making at NQF Level 3. This leads to further specialisations within each of these categories at a NQF Level 4.
This qualification could assist with the achievement of national governmental and industrial development policies and strategies to grow the pool of scarce and other related skills in support of sustainable economic growth. People working in the engineering machining field require specialized technical skills and knowledge, as well as highly developed hand skills in order to adapt to and meet the requirements of the constantly changing products that must be manufactured. Through its design, this qualification will meet the needs of learners within the mechanical engineering sector who require technical expertise and essential knowledge needed to earn formal qualifications. This qualification facilitates access for previously disadvantaged groups and other learners to acquire the technical knowledge and skills that are required as well as provide access and mobility into higher-level more specialised occupations. This will allow the learner greater employability and support the development of small, medium enterprises (SME).
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|This qualification assumes learners have a national certificate in mechanical engineering Machining at NQF Level 3 or equivalent.
If the learner does not already have such a qualification, learning in preparation for this qualification would also have to include:
Recognition of Prior Learning:
This qualification can be obtained wholly or in part through the recognition of prior learning (RPL). The learner should be thoroughly briefed on the process. Support and guidance should be provided. The process should not be so onerous as to prevent learners from taking up the RPL option in obtaining the qualification.
Access to the Qualification:
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
The Fundamental Component consists of unit standards in:
All Unit Standards to the value of 56 credits in the Fundamental Component are compulsory.
The Core Component consists of Unit Standards to the value of 56 credits, all of which are compulsory.
The Elective Component consists of a number of unit standards that can be utilized for various specialization areas. Learners are to choose Elective Unit Standards to the value of 20 credits from the Elective Unit standards so as to attain a minimum of 132 credits for this qualification.
These 20 credits could be chosen as clusters of unit standards from Chemical, Tooling, Metrology, CNC, Machining or any other metal or other industries in order to facilitate specialisations or the registration of learning programmes in specialisation areas.
Turning (Machining) (Chemical Industry) (Learning Programme ID 92021):
Learners must do Unit Standard ID 14783 and must choose additional Elective Unit Standards from the list below to give a minimum of 20 credits for the Elective Component:
Category; ID: Unit Standard Title; Level; Credits:
Total: 44 Credits.
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|On completion of this Qualification learners are able to:
1. Produce components using complex machining processes to meet operational and output requirements using a variety of machining methods, machines and operations in accordance with legal, health, safety and environmental requirements.
> Range: Complex machining processes includes Internal taper; Multi start thread; Matching tapers; Differential indexing (gear cutting); Rack and pinion; Spline shaft; Spurr gear; Step boring (vertical and horizontal), machine tapping and reaming.
> Range: Operational and output requirements include maintenance, manufacturing, planning, customer, management and quality.
> Note: Produce includes the machining of components for maintenance and/or productions requirements.
2. Apply and sustain quality specifications to meet output requirements in producing complex components.
> Range: Quality specifications include quantity, time, tolerance, cost effectiveness, functionality.
3. Fault-find and solve a variety of familiar and unfamiliar machining problems, taking responsibility and making decisions.
4. Analyse and communicate information to identify problems and determine trends.
Critical Cross-field Outcomes:
The critical cross-field outcomes are supported by the exit level outcomes as follows:
Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical thinking have been made:
Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization and community:
Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively:
Collecting, analyzing, organizing and critically evaluating information:
Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills:
Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
1.1 Components are machined according to specifications and machining requirements.
1.2 Complex components are produced according to the process plan and operation sheet.
1.3 Decisions are made on machining process requirements for a specific machining operation.
> Range: Machining process requirements include methods, machines, equipment.
1.4 Components are machined according to specifications in terms of health, safety and environmental requirements.
1.5 Machining methods, machines and operations related to complex machining processes are explained to reflect their impact on operational and output requirements.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
2.1 Quality specifications and the principles underpinning such specifications are interpreted to sustain maintenance and output requirements.
2.2 Quality specifications are applied in order to produce complex components.
2.3 Inspection methods are utilised in order to evaluate component compliance with specifications.
2.4 Inspection data are interpreted in order to adjust machining processes.
> Range: Inspection data include finishing, temperature, type of coolant, speed, feed, size, equipment.
2.5 Quality specifications related to complex machining processes are explained to reflect their impact on producing complex components.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
3.1 Familiar problems are solved by using the specified procedures within a machining environment.
> Range: Familiar problems include but are not limited to rough cut, surface finishing, maintaining dimensions, machinery operations, tooling.
3.2 Solutions to familiar and unfamiliar machining problems are based on a clear analysis of information gathered through diagnostic procedures.
3.3 Machining procedures are adjusted to respond to unfamiliar problems.
3.4 Issues related to familiar and unfamiliar problems are discussed to reflect their impact on the machining of complex components.
3.5 All actions related to problem solving are reported and recorded for future reference in accordance with organisational procedures.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
4.1 Machined component compliance is determined and reported to communicate information on machining processes and results.
4.2 Conditions, evidence and incidences are reported accurately in a timely manner and discussed with peers and management.
4.3 Data gathered through diagnostic procedures is analysed systematically to solve problems.
4.4 Records are kept for scrutiny and future reference in accordance with organisational procedures.
4.5 Communication and information analysis requirements are explained to reflect their impact on the need to determine trends.
|The National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering at NQF Level 2 is the first of a learning path of three consecutive qualifications which culminate in the FETC Mechanical Engineering Machining and Tooling at NQF Level 4. The international qualifications found, do not lead to three different qualifications, but culminate in one qualification over a four-year period (in most cases).
It is only in the vocational context, that we find the tendency to "break up" the traditional trades into levels of learning. This practice is endemic of those countries which have a close association with outcomes-based methodology and standards-based qualifications development.
The mechanical engineering qualifications at (NQF Level 2, 3 and 4 respectively) collectively compare well to similar apprenticeship and vocational education and training (VET) international qualifications.
In benchmarking the Mechanical Engineering qualifications at NQF Level 2, 3 and 4, against international qualifications, examples in different parts of the world were investigated for their generic mechanical engineering content (excluding specialised sub-fields):
New Zealand (www.kiwiquals.govt.nz) in terms of the New Zealand Qualifications Framework (NZQF):
Australia (www.ntis.gov.au) in terms of the Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF):
The following information was obtained on the website: http://www.ntis.au (National Information Training System) with regards to qualifications in mechanical engineering training streams in Australia.
"Australian Apprenticeships" is the new name for the scheme formerly known as 'New Apprenticeships'.
Australian Apprenticeships encompass all apprenticeships and traineeships. They combine time at work with training and can be full-time, part-time or school-based.
The change of name and appearance is the first step in a range of improvements to be introduced in Australian Apprenticeships. The qualifications for machining and tooling cover:
United Kingdom (England and Scotland) - from www.ecitb.org.uk:
The qualification from the National and Scottish Vocational Qualifications (N/SVQ) which relates to standards-based programme is the N/SVQ Maintaining Plant and Systems - Mechanical. This programme is the closest programme related to the Machining and Tooling Level 2 - 4. It comprises:
Southern African Development Community (SADC) - Zimbabwe and Botswana:
Alignment with the United Kingdom's model of Vocational Education and Training (VET), through the London City and Guilds qualification framework and the National Vocational Qualification system (NVQ) - The Botswana National Qualifications Act was passed in 1998. At this present time, focus on the development of standards-based qualifications through a Botswana Vocation Education and Training System (BVET) has revolved around the Wholesale and Retail and Tourism sectors.
Currently, machinists in Botswana are trained through the apprenticeship system. The length and duration of the practical and theoretical components differ slightly to the South African apprenticeship system, but the learning competencies are similar, with a focus on the predominant diamond mining and small local manufacturing and engineering industries.
East African Community (EAC):
The three member states of the EAC; Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, are in the process of the harmonisation of education and training systems within the EAC. Currently, no qualification infrastructure exists.
Information regarding training was also found on the website of the British Columbia Institute of Technology (www.bcit.ca), the College of The Rockies (www.cotr.bc.ca) and North Alberta Institute of Technology (www.nait.ca). The full machinists qualification is obtained over a four-year period. The "job description" of the machinists is in essence similar in the international arena.
Machinists produce, repair and maintain all types of machinery and tools".
Conclusion: The Canadian qualifications related to machining can be used interchangeably with the qualifications developed for the South African manufacturing and engineering industries, serving a similar purpose.
In the United States model, the machining qualification is achieved over a four-year period and is similar to the traditional apprenticeship system in South Africa. The methodology is competency-based as opposed to outcomes-based.
The programme content however, is similar to the broad context of Mechanical Engineering Machining and Tooling at NQF Level 2, 3 and 4.
Conclusion: The reviewed machining and tooling qualifications at NQF Level 2, 3 and 4 are in line with the US example for year 1/2 of the apprenticeship programme.
Comparisons with National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering at NQF Level 2, 3 and 4
The National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering qualifications compares well to all the qualifications investigated with an overarching comparison covering:
The qualifications from the various countries all address the range of mechanical competencies included in at NQF Level 2, 3 and 4:
The international qualifications all address a progression of competencies, e.g. Introduction to mechanical engineering technology and process and the demonstration of the ability to assemble, remove and replace components. The content of the first/second year/level of the machining and tooling qualifications across the globe, relates favourably to the content of Mechanical Engineering qualifications and the learning assumed to be in place:
Demonstrate Work Practices:
> Describe principles of metallurgy.
> Use fasteners.
> Use measuring and layout tools and instruments.
> Use power tools.
> Use fixed shop machines and equipment.
> Use mobile equipment.
The outcomes of the Mechanical Engineering: Machining and Tooling certificates at NQF Level 2, 3 and 4 developed for South Africa compares favourably with the rest of the international community and by every indication, is compatible with those countries who engage with outcomes-and standards-based qualifications.
The qualification was designed to enable qualifying learners to move from one engineering context to another and still get recognition for successful learning achievements in the previous context. This means that credit accumulation towards certification could be obtained across industries.
This qualification articulates horizontally with any NQF Level 5 qualification in the broad mechanical, engineering related sectors such as:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|The following criteria should be applied by a relevant ETQA as a minimum requirement:
> Maintain national and local industry standards.
> Act in the interest of the learner.
> Understand the need for transformation to redress the legacies of the past, and respect the cultural background and language of the learner.
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|This qualification will be replaced by qualification 91796, which is "Occupational Certificate: Toolmaker", Level 5, 432 credits, as soon as 91796 is registered.
This qualification replaces qualification 23281, "National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Tooling Manufacture", Level 4, 183 credits.
This qualification replaces qualification 23256, "National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Fitting and Machining", Level 4, 179 credits.
This qualification replaces qualification 23279, "National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Machining", Level 4, 129 credits.
Completion of this qualification relates to the Organising Framework for Occupations (OFO) in that it reflects the competencies of occupational designation 323204 Metal Machinist (First Class) (Skill level 3).
This Qualification will be replaced by Qualification 93625, "Occupational Certificate: Metal Machinist", Level 4, 324 credits, as soon as 93625 is registered.
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||258680||Conduct advanced milling operations and methods||Level 4||NQF Level 04||16|
|Core||258677||Conduct complex turning operations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||16|
|Core||258676||Grind tools and cutters used in engineering machining operations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Core||258675||Produce complex components by performing internal and external grinding operations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||16|
|Fundamental||119472||Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119457||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119467||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119465||Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9015||Apply knowledge of statistics and probability to critically interrogate and effectively communicate findings on life related problems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119462||Engage in sustained oral/signed communication and evaluate spoken/signed texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||119469||Read/view, analyse and respond to a variety of texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||9016||Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Fundamental||119471||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||7468||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119459||Write/present/sign for a wide range of contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||14783||Conform to and apply legislation and operational instructions in chemical processing||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||12429||Develop a personal financial plan||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||9506||Communicate in an assertive manner with clients and fellow workers||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||13254||Contribute to the implementation and maintenance of business processes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||14586||Monitor and control quality control practices in a manufacturing/engineering environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||13301||Produce complex engineering drawings||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||13318||Produce components by performing horizontal boring operations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||12|
|Elective||13319||Produce components by performing vertical boring operations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||13320||Set automatic production lathes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||116389||Write a technical report||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||13315||Write simple computer numerical controlled (CNC) programmes and set and operate a CNC machine||Level 4||NQF Level 04||24|
|Elective||12458||Develop the skills of a work team||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|LP ID||Learning Programme Title||Originator||Pre-2009
|NQF Level||Min Credits||Learning Prog End Date||Quality
|63629||Further Education and Training Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Machining and Tooling||Generic Provider - Field 06||Level 4||NQF Level 04||132||2013-11-07||MERSETA||OQSF|
|92021||Further Education and Training Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Turning: Machining (Chemical Industry)||Generic Provider - Field 06||Not Applicable||NQF Level 04||132||QCTO||OQSF|
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THESE LEARNING PROGRAMMES:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.