|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|Further Education and Training Certificate: Mining Operations|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|74490||Further Education and Training Certificate: Mining Operations|
|Task Team - Fabrication and Extraction|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|MQA - Mining Qualifications Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|Further Ed and Training Cert||Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology||Fabrication and Extraction|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||160||Level 4||NQF Level 04||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
The purpose of this Qualification is to equip learners with the theoretical knowledge, technical skills and practical ability to function as a Production Supervisor in a particular context (domain) within the mining industry.
The Production Supervisor plays a critical role in the mining industry. Mining activities are often conducted under dangerous and difficult conditions, which have to be managed appropriately in order to preserve the lives of those working in the industry, and ensure operational efficiency. While the title "supervisor" implies to specific competencies, these competencies are applied in conjunction with technical and operational competencies. The Production Supervisor must adapt continually to changing physical conditions in his or her area of responsibility e.g. geology and blast damage. He/she is accountable for the occupational health and safety of the team, as well as for achieving production targets.
Learners acquiring this Qualification will have an improved understanding of their role, acquire the applied competencies to consistently and effectively execute their duties by contributing to the mining process and adhere to quality and occupational health and safety requirements.
This Qualification will have a positive impact on society through the minerals produced, in the light of the massive impact of the mining industry on the economy. Furthermore, the mining industry has an additional impact on the economy in terms of secondary and tertiary mining and minerals related activities. In many parts of South Africa, entire communities would collapse if mining activities were to cease.
Learners credited with this Qualification will be able to:
The South African mining industry is one of the largest and most diverse in the world, with activities in domains such as:
Apart from being the industry which makes the largest contribution to foreign exchange earnings, it is also one of the largest employers, providing employment opportunities to many workers from South Africa and neighbouring countries.
While there are many role players in the mining industry, the Production Supervisor (Pit Supervisor) can arguably be considered one of the most important role players in the mining process.
It is vital that the Production Supervisor comes from within the industry, and has intimate knowledge and experience of all the aspects of mining, such as:
This requires a clear and thorough path of learning, from the basic aspects through to the more advanced aspects of Production, Occupational Health and Safety applicable at that particular level. The Production Supervisor has the accountability for the lives of his team and other support personnel.
This Qualification is the result of collaboration by the various mining domains:
Learners registering for this Qualification will typically be qualified Rockbreakers working within the mining industry; and learners will qualify as Production Supervisors in any of the specific domains in which they have accumulated sufficient technical and production expertise. Depending on their learning path, before engaging in learning towards this Qualification, a period of practical work in a specific domain may be required before appointment as a Production Supervisor can be made. This Qualification has 4 specialisation streams for learners to follow.
A typical learning pathway would begin with a National Certificate: Rockbreaking, NQF Level 3 and proceed to the Further Education and Training Certificate: Mining Operations. Learners who have achieved this Qualification can progress to Qualifications at a higher level on the NQF within the established mining learning pathways.
As this is a generic Qualification, it will be possible for learners to articulate between the respective domains. However an appropriate exposure to the practical aspects of a particular domain may be required before the learner will be able to operate safely and effectively in the new context.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|It is assumed that learners embarking on learning towards this Qualification are already competent in the following:
Recognition of Prior Learning:
This Qualification can be achieved wholly or in part through Recognition of Prior Learning in terms of the criteria laid out above.
Evidence can be presented in a variety of forms, including international or previous local Qualifications, reports, testimonials mentioning functions performed, work records, portfolios, videos of practice and performance records.
Access to the Qualification:
Access to this Qualification is restricted in terms of the Mines Health and Safety Act and Regulations to persons who have successfully completed a suitable Rockbreaking Qualification in the relevant domain or are current holders of a Blasting Certificate of Competence issued by the Department of Minerals and Energy.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
The Fundamental Component consists of the following learning, which is compulsory for learners:
It is therefore compulsory for learners to do Communication in two different South African languages, one at NQF Level 4 and the other at NQF Level 3.
All Unit Standards totalling 56 Credits must be achieved.
All Unit Standards totalling 54 Credits must be achieved.
The Elective component consisting of four specialisation areas:
Learners are to choose a specialisation area and then complete Unit Standards listed for that specialisation totalling a minimum of 50 Credits.
Specialisation area A: Underground hard rock mining:
Title; NQF Level; Credits:
Specialisation area B: Underground coal mining:
Title; NQF Level; Credits:
Specialisation area C: Surface excavations:
For Blasted Surface Excavations: SAQA ID 257075; Design blasts for surface excavations (NQF Level 4; 24 Credits) must be achieved. Unit Standards totalling further 26 Credits must be achieved from the list below.
For Non-Blasted Surface Excavations: Choose Unit Standards from those listed below totalling at least 50 Credits.
Title; NQF Level; Credits:
For specialisation area D: Small scale mining:
Title; NQF Level; Credits:
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Communicate and solve problems by applying mathematical practical applications in a variety of ways.
2. Adhere to Occupational Health, Safety and Environmental requirements in the workplace.
3. Supervise the extraction of minerals to meet production targets; taking into account the Occupational Health, Safety, Quality and Environmental requirements.
4. Conduct mining operations in conjuction with Technical Services Departments to optimise the mining process.
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes:
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes have been addressed by the Exit Level Outcomes as follows:
While performing integrated mining operations in a supervisory capacity, qualifying learners are able to:
Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively by:
Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
> Evident in all 4 Exit Level Outcomes.
Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation by:
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
Integrated Assessment at the level of the Qualification provides an opportunity for learners to show they are able to integrate concepts, actions and ideas achieved across a range of Unit Standards and contexts.
Integrated Assessment must evaluate the quality of observable performance as well as the thinking behind the performance and must be based on a summative assessment guide. The guide will spell out how the assessor will assess different aspects of the performance and will include:
In some cases interference will be necessary to determine competence depending on the nature and context within which performance takes place.
It is necessary to ensure that the fundamental part of the Qualification is also targeted to ensure that while the competence may have been achieved in a particular context, learners are able to apply it in a range of other contexts and for future learning. The assessment should also ensure that all the Critical Cross-Field Outcomes have been achieved.
The learner may choose in which language she/he wants to be assessed. This should be established as part of a process of preparing the learner for assessment and familiarising the learner with the approach being taken.
While this is primarily a workplace-based Qualification, evidence from other areas of endeavour may be introduced if pertinent to any of the Exit-Level Outcomes. The assessment process should cover both the explicit tasks required for the qualification as well as the understanding of the concepts and principles that underpin the activities associated with manufacturing cement or lime.
|Mining activities occur in many countries all over the world, although the South African mining industry is more diverse than that of most other countries.
The above has determined that the countries chosen to benchmark this Qualification against were selected based on proven best practice within similar mining conditions.
The international comparability exercise was conducted by comparing the outcomes of the proposed South African Qualification to those in Qualifications, skills programmes and training courses of a number of countries with established mining industries. The reason for comparing against those countries is given in each instance:
The United Kingdom, India, New Zealand and Australia are considered best practice because many aspects of their mining operations relate and compare to similar aspects of mining operations within the South African industry. However, mining practices and standards are influenced world-wide by the presence of former colonial structures (e.g. in Africa) and large multinational companies such as Anglo American, Rio Tinto, BHP Billiton and others.
In most cases very little was found in terms of Production Supervisor Qualifications, but rather on the technical/production aspects of mining. There was also no evidence of the generic approach envisaged by this (proposed) Qualification.
A limiting aspect regarding international comparability is that the NQF Framework of South Africa and other countries are not identical. It is thus more meaningful to compare learning pathways, rather than individual Qualifications.
Australia has a well-developed economy and mining sector.
Mining conditions and practices are similar to those in South African mines.
Mining practices are well established and considered to be international best practice.
Australia has a well structured outcomes-based training and education system.
Relevant Qualifications were found:
> Conduct blast survey.
> Conduct blast hole drilling operations.
> Handle and transport explosives.
> Conduct shot firing.
> Set-up and prepare for drilling.
> Drill in open cut environment.
> Install ground support.
> Handle and transport explosives.
> Fire shots.
> Administer shot firing activities.
> Work safely.
> Communicate in the workplace.
> Contribute to quality work outcomes.
> Participate in environmental work practices.
> Mine management:
> Apply, monitor, rectify and report statutory/legal compliance systems.
> Apply and monitor systems for stable mining.
> Apply and monitor mine emergency preparedness and response systems.
> Apply risk management processes.
> Conduct safety and health investigations.
> Communicate information.
> The Diploma of Extractive Industries Management reflects the role of personnel working in a quarry or other extractive industries operations, who perform tasks involving a high level of autonomy and requiring the application of significant judgement in planning and determining the selection of equipment/roles/techniques for themselves and others. They are required to develop site specific work instructions and practices to ensure the implementation of the site management systems, plans and policies. They demonstrate the application of a broad range of technical, managerial, coordination and planning skills.
> General Management:
> Implement and maintain management plans to control risk.
> Implement pit plan.
> Conduct sales in construction materials operations.
> Manage personal work priorities and professional development.
> Provide leadership in the workplace.
> Establish effective workplace relationships.
> Facilitate work teams.
> Manage operational plan.
> Promote continuous improvement.
> Facilitate and capitalise on change and innovation.
> Develop a workplace learning environment.
> Prepare budgets and financial plans.
>Technical Management units:
> Conduct shot firing.
> Implement site water management plan.
> Implement site plant and resource management plan.
> Select and install quarry plant and equipment.
> Design surface blasts.
> Manage blast hole drilling operations.
> Manage blasting operations.
> Manage dredging operations.
> Implement site processing plant operations.
> Implement site waste and by-product management plan.
> Implement stockpile management plan.
> Implement and maintain the site plant, equipment.
> Infrastructure maintenance plan.
New Zealand has a well-developed economy and mining sector.
Mining conditions and practices are similar to those in South Africa.
Mining practices are well established and considered to be best practice.
New Zealand has a well structured outcomes-based training and education system.
National Certificate in Extractive Industries (Shot firing; Surface).
Comparable competencies (standards) are:
The intent and content of the proposed Mining Supervision Qualification compare favourably with elements of the New Zealand Qualification.
> Details were found relating to a N/SVQ Shot Firing Operations.
> Comparable competencies (standards) are:
> Contribute to an Efficient and Effective Work Environment.
> Contribute to Health and Safety in the Workplace.
> Receive Store and Issue Explosive Materials.
> Obtain and Transport Explosive Materials.
> Charge Blast Holes to Specification.
> Blast to Specification.
> Deal with Misfires.
> Details regarding an Overman's/Foreman's Certificate were found:
This is not a Unit Standards based Qualification, but a developmental process. However the content compares favourably with some of the competencies in the proposed Mining Supervision Qualification.
Persons holding Diploma in Mining Engineering or an equivalent qualification from a Institution approved under Regulation 18 will be eligible for grant of a Overman's/Foreman's Certificate if he possesses at least one year's experience as a Post Diploma Trainee under the Directorate of Practical Training in Mining or equivalent approved training.
The candidates are required to submit the following documents as proof that they have participated meaningfully in the developmental process:
> Kenya and Botswana (British).
> Madagascar (French).
> There is also a South African influence in some of these countries, via South African based companies operating in those countries and providing a technical and training service, e.g. Lafarge Cement operating in Zambia and PPC Cement operating in Botswana.
Small Scale Mining:
No references were found to specific training and development programmes in the small scale mining sector. However, a great deal of information was found relating to capacity in the sector. Various organisations are involved in this issue world wide.
This justifies the specific nature of the small-scale mining competencies included in the proposed Mining Supervision Qualification. On the one hand the learner is equipped to operate in the political and economical environment relating to small scale mining, and on the other compliance to legal and other requirements is ensured.
Some of the international issues are:
The Global Mercury Project (GMP) is an initiative of the United Nations in collaboration with numerous government and non-government organizations to promote knowledge and capacity building on the links between small-scale gold mining practices and health, ecosystem, and social factors, and to implement interventions that reduce mercury pollution and exposure caused by mining activities in developing countries. Knowledge regarding the use of mercury and the dynamics of complex environmental, health, socioeconomic, and cultural conditions in and surrounding small-scale mining sites is particularly needed for the purpose of developing appropriate community-based measures to reduce mercury-related problems. GMP strategies aim to build upon local knowledge and practices to train miners on the use of cleaner and affordable technologies of mining and mineral processing in order to minimize negative impacts. The initiative is especially proactive in facilitating trans disciplinary and participatory models of community interaction, involving local, regional, and international stakeholders in each of the strategy design, community assessment, and community intervention phases. The six participating countries are Brazil, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Sudan, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe.
In the context of increased mining activities both in Latin America and Canada, this capacity-building project is the result of needs expressed by the Amerindian Peoples Association of Guyana (APA), the National Organization of Indigenous Peoples of Colombia (ONIC), the Association of Indigenous Village Leaders in Suriname (VIDS) and the Assembly of First Nations of Canada. Through participation in a two-year (2000-2002) research project to explore Indigenous perspectives to consultation and engagement within the mining sector of LAC, the APA and ONIC identified a critical need for capacity-building of Indigenous (and in Colombia, Afro-Colombian) leaders and communities in negotiations with mining companies and governments, including strategies for engaging in multi-party dialogues with a view to influencing policy and practice. In addition, the APA will be conducting its own environmental monitoring and mercury testing to assess contamination and impacts of small-scale mining in Amerindian communities (and medium and large-scale mining where this exists), and sharing the results of studies previously conducted by government and others.
The following information from the World Bank (Site resources) is also interesting:
From all of the above, it can be concluded that the proposed Further Education and Training Certificate Mining Operations compares favourably with Qualifications and course presented internationally, on the following basis:
|This Qualification allows for both vertical and horizontal articulation.
Vertical articulation exists with:
Horizontal articulation exists between the respective specialisation areas or to other minerals processing applications in the other mining domains.
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|Assessors should be in possession of:
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||120335||Conduct an investigation into workplace incidents||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Core||120331||Demonstrate knowledge pertaining to fires in working places||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||336945||Conduct an issue-based risk assessment within a workplace||Level 4||NQF Level 04||3|
|Core||336919||Demonstrate an understanding of continual improvement in the mining cycle||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||336908||Demonstrate an understanding of essential basic engineering principles that are applicable to the mining environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||336959||Demonstrate an understanding of labour supervision and production procedures for supervisors in the workplace||Level 4||NQF Level 04||7|
|Core||336943||Demonstrate an understanding of mining related strata control issues impacting on mining practice||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Core||336940||Demonstrate an understanding of strata control theory and terminology relevant to mining environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Core||336904||Demonstrate knowledge of basic mining economics||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Core||336910||Demonstrate knowledge of environmental awareness in the mining industry||Level 4||NQF Level 04||3|
|Core||336899||Demonstrate knowledge of legislation impacting on mining environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||119472||Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119457||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119467||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119465||Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9015||Apply knowledge of statistics and probability to critically interrogate and effectively communicate findings on life related problems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119462||Engage in sustained oral/signed communication and evaluate spoken/signed texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||119469||Read/view, analyse and respond to a variety of texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||9016||Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Fundamental||119471||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||7468||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119459||Write/present/sign for a wide range of contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||260982||Acquire authorization needed for small-scale prospecting and mining||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||336980||Apply a computerized management system in a production mining environment||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||257095||Carry out basic surveying and calculations in surface excavations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||8|
|Elective||337019||Conduct mineral and ore sampling on a small-scale mine||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||110125||Control operations in a blasting section in an underground coal mine||Level 3||NQF Level 03||15|
|Elective||115600||Demonstrate the co-ordination of a conveyor system operations in an underground coal mine||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||244407||Lift and move a load using mechanical lifting equipment||Level 3||NQF Level 03||7|
|Elective||336906||Plan for authorisation of small-scale prospecting and mining operations||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||336960||Plan logistics and services for a small-scale mine||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||253016||Read and understand a mine plan and transfer recorded information onto mine plans||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||336909||Apply strata control techniques and processes in surface excavation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||7|
|Elective||230017||Carry out blasting environmental testing||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||336941||Compile an integrated environmental impact management plan for a small-scale mine||Level 4||NQF Level 04||9|
|Elective||336962||Conduct over and underground coal mine inspection in a production section||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||336963||Conduct prospecting relevant to small-scale mining||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||336961||Construct and maintain roads in surface excavations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||7|
|Elective||336979||Control stonework operations in an underground coal mine||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||336944||Coordinate loading operations in an underground coal mine||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||336903||Coordinate surface excavation operation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||336999||Coordinate the development of surface excavation operations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||7|
|Elective||337039||Coordinate transportation operations in an underground coal mine||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||336907||Demonstrate an understanding of development, pre-ledging equipping, ledging, equipping and stoping processes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||336966||Demonstrate an understanding of extraction and the beneficiation of minerals on surface excavations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||9|
|Elective||336911||Demonstrate an understanding of mine geology||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||336964||Demonstrate an understanding of roles and responsibilities of a production supervisor in a mining environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||336900||Demonstrate an understanding of strata control practice in an underground hard rock mine||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||336965||Demonstrate an understanding of surface excavation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||7|
|Elective||336939||Demonstrate an understanding of the mine health and safety Act, for small-scale mining||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||115608||Demonstrate an understanding of ventilation systems in an underground coal mine||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Elective||336981||Demonstrate an understanding to control strata conditions in an underground coal mine||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||336916||Demonstrate knowledge and application of ground stability for small scale mining||Level 4||NQF Level 04||12|
|Elective||336915||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of mineral valuation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||336912||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of short term mine planning||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||336902||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the starting up and closing off procedures for an underground workplace||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||336905||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of underground horizontal transport operation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||257075||Design blasts for surface excavations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||24|
|Elective||337000||Develop a short term surface excavation scheduling||Level 4||NQF Level 04||7|
|Elective||336914||Implement and maintain services and infrastructure in surface excavation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||7|
|Elective||336920||Implement and monitor grade and quality control for surface excavations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||336942||Plan a mineral processing plant for a small-scale mine||Level 4||NQF Level 04||9|
|Elective||336901||Plan run of mine excavation process for a small-scale mining operation||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||336913||Compile a strategic plan for a small-scale mining||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||18|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.