|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|Further Education and Training Certificate: Train Driving|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|61849||Further Education and Training Certificate: Train Driving|
|SGB Transport and Logistics Operations|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|TETA - Transport Education and Training Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|Further Ed and Training Cert||Field 11 - Services||Transport, Operations and Logistics|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||145||Level 4||NQF Level 04||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
The purpose of this qualification is to ensure service excellence with a focus on safe working in the field of rail transport services. The qualification is an entry level qualification in a series of qualifications that will form the learning pathway for persons in the rail transport industry (train driving). This qualification provides for the recognition of foundational knowledge, skills and values required and will facilitate access to, and mobility and progression within the industry.
A learner certified as competent in terms of this qualification will be able to move rail vehicles from one point to another safely, on rail, under specific conditions and within defined working environments, in accordance with the Principles of Safe Movement on Rail (POSMOR) and company-specific policies, procedures and instructions.
A learner obtaining this qualification will be able to:
The skills, knowledge, values and understanding in this qualification are essential for national competitiveness and will have a positive impact on social and economic transformation.
The South African government has set as a priority the shifting of as much traffic as possible - both freight and passenger services - from road to rail. A move such as this necessitates the timely development of the critical competence of train driving that will make the shift possible and sustainable.
Persons operating within this industry, as well as other transport services, will benefit from this qualification and its competence standards, which are instrumental to the development and recognition of the foundational, practical and reflexive competence (applied competence) needed to render effective and efficient rail transport services. Given the number of drivers entering South Africa from neighbouring countries, this qualification and/or its unit standards is essential to set the benchmark for all drivers operating in the country.
These services are essential in and to the following domains:
Central to the qualification is the development of a culture of safe working.
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|It is assumed that the leaner entering this qualification will be competent in:
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):
This qualification may be achieved in part or completely through the recognition of prior learning, which includes formal, informal and non-formal learning and work experience.
Access to the Qualification:
Access to this Qualification is open to all learners taking into consideration learning assumed to be in place.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
|For award of the whole qualification, learners must achieve the required number of credits as specified in the rules of combination below as well as the criteria specified for integrated assessment in the Integrated Assessment Criteria below.
Rules of Combination:
The Qualification consists of a Fundamental, a Core and an Elective Component.
To be awarded the Qualification learners are required to obtain a minimum of 145 credits as detailed below.
The Fundamental Component consists of Unit Standards in:
It is compulsory therefore for learners to do Communication in two different South African languages, one at NQF Level 4 and the other at NQF Level 3.
All Unit Standards in the Fundamental Component are compulsory.
The Core Component consists of Unit Standards to the value of 77 credits all of which are compulsory.
The Elective Component consists of individual unit standards from which the learner must choose unit standards totalling a minimum of 12 credits.
Note: Learners must select one of the unit standards to do with operating a locomotive; this will be a prerequisite for performing actual driving duties in the defined working environment.
Note: Apart from obtaining the generic competencies required for Drivers at this level (fundamental and core unit standards) the learner has specialisation options made possible through appropriate combinations of Electives. Elective choices will determine the scope of qualification and operation for the driver.
Assistant Train Drivers, Shedmen, Loco Drivers, Shunt Drivers, and Rail and Road Vehicle (RRV) Operators, operate in defined working environments. Providers of learning in these environments need to ensure that learning opportunities towards the competence required is provided in the appropriate context. Practical exposure is required to enable a learner to make intelligent decisions with regard to locomotive handling to ensure safe movement of the locomotives and/or trains on rail.
In a specific operational environment it is normally expected from drivers to operate different locomotives in one shift, which requires appropriate qualifications.
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Prepare locomotives and related equipment.
2. Operate locomotives within a defined working area.
3. Carry out shunting duties.
Critical Cross-field Outcomes:
This qualification addresses the following critical cross-field outcomes, as detailed in the associated unit standards:
Learning programmes directed towards this qualification will also contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large, by making individuals aware of the importance of:
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
Range: A defined work area is any area in which the operator is required to operate and which is governed by specific sets of legislation, regulations and/or procedures.
Range: Areas include but are not limited to yards, sidings, sheds, railroads.
Range: Locomotives may include rolling stock and carriages.
Range: Road knowledge includes but is not limited to gradient, signal-layout, curves, train/trajectory speed.
Range: Operating equipment includes but is not limited to signals, points, derailers, catch points.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
Assessment should take place within the context of:
Assessment will take place according to the detailed specifications indicated in the unit standards above.
Assessors should note that the evidence of integration (as above) could well be presented by learners when being assessed against the unit standards - thus there should not necessarily be separate assessments for each unit standard and then further assessment for integration. Well designed assessments should make it possible to gain evidence against each unit standard while at the same time gain evidence of integration.
|Qualifications from the following countries were sourced for a comparison:
The countries were selected by the major rail service providers as being of most relevance to the South African context in terms of infrastructure, equipment, rolling stock, and skills requirements and development. In addition, these examples are recognized internationally as quality providers of training in rail and related services.
It is important to note that Spoornet commissioned their own independent study into risk factors that influence safe operation, with a particular emphasis on human factors and their impact on safe working. The research commissioned by Spoornet is known as the 1996 SPAD (Signals Passed at Danger) Report. This research studied the basic causes of SPADs and related incidents, with a focus on the role of the driver. The SPAD Brief was formulated as follows: "To comprehensively investigate and to report with recommendations, on the underlying causes and contributory factors which may lead to the impairment of train driver/crew functioning at critical moments during the shift cycle".
The research concentrated on Canadian, Scottish and British Rail. It involved close working relationships with international experts including:
Local and international academic and research institutions at the time of the research expressed interest in Spoornet's SPAD investigation. The research provided this standards generating body with valuable insight, which is reflected in the qualification and unit standards for train drivers.
In more detail, the reviewed qualifications include:
1. Burlington North Railway Academic Science School (BNRAS), Canada/Australia Rail. These Rail Road Operators were chosen for their similarity to the railroad setup within RSA.
> Locomotive engineer vs Train Driver in the Republic of South Africa (RSA).
> Train Dispatcher vs Train Control Officer in RSA.
> There is no Train Assistant in a Canadian context.
2. New Zealand:
New Zealand has registered qualifications for rail which cover similar outcomes. Qualifications include:
> Health and safety in the workplace.
> Safe work practices in the workplace.
> Basic knowledge of railway signals.
> Knowledge of rail transport.
> Engineering hand tools; portable hand held engineering power tools.
The qualification provides a foundation of core skills and knowledge which build on the units contained in the core of the National Certificate in Rail Transport (Level 2) and includes:
The qualification was also benchmarked against Scotland and the United Kingdom Qualification Authorities.
> Preparation for duty.
> Contributing to provision of a safe and secure work environment.
> Coupling and uncoupling rail vehicles.
> Assisting in the safe operation of trains in service.
> Assisting in preparation of rail vehicles/trains to meet operational requirements.
> Assisting in the local movement of rail vehicles to meet operational requirements.
> Bringing trains into service; operating and controlling trains in service; handover and despatch of trains.
> Responding to abnormal working situations.
> Responding to emergency situations on railway premises.
4. Spoornet Research:
investigate and to report with recommendations, on the underlying causes and contributory factors which may lead to the impairment of train driver/crew functioning at critical moments during the shift cycle." In the course of this research a close working relationship and understanding had been established with the following international parties:
> Dr George Kuehn (Rail Simulation and Training Institute, Chicago).
> Simon Folkard (Medical Research Council, Sheffield University, UK).
Local and international academic and research institutions at the time of the research expressed interest in Spoornet`s SPAD investigation. The research provided this standards generating body with valuable insight, which is reflected in the qualification and unit standards for train drivers.
Most international rail operations do not have separate qualifications for Drivers under defined working conditions, but there are clear indications of provision for this type of Driver in the unit standards within qualifications. There is every indication that the competence envisaged as outcomes for this qualification have their parallel in other countries.
The South African, with its emphasis on transformation, and particularly the provision of routes to qualification, fully justifies this qualification as part of a career and learning pathway for Train Drivers.
|The qualification lends itself to both horizontal and vertical articulation possibilities, which allow mobility and progression for the learner in the rail sector in particular, and the transport sector in general.
Horizontal articulation possibilities lie with qualifications such as:
This qualification has vertical articulation possibilities with the following qualification:
The moderator has the following functions:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||260957||Compile a train||Level 3||NQF Level 03||12|
|Core||256199||Comply with employer requirements to perform railway duties||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Core||262446||Despatch a train||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Core||262449||Devise strategies for the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Core||262445||Provide on-track protection||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Core||262448||Utilise fixed and temporary trackside indicators for rail movement||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Core||242815||Apply the organisation's code of conduct in a work environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Core||256198||Demonstrate knowledge of a train operating system||Level 4||NQF Level 04||3|
|Core||256204||Demonstrate understanding of brake systems, and brake tests||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Core||260920||Explain the topographical concepts of a trajectory within the rail environment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Core||256200||Observe and repeat signals and train authorisations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||3|
|Core||230418||Operate, and regulate the safe movement of locomotive/s||Level 4||NQF Level 04||10|
|Core||256194||Prepare a locomotive for service||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||119472||Accommodate audience and context needs in oral/signed communication||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119457||Interpret and use information from texts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119467||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||119465||Write/present/sign texts for a range of communicative contexts||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Fundamental||9015||Apply knowledge of statistics and probability to critically interrogate and effectively communicate findings on life related problems||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119462||Engage in sustained oral/signed communication and evaluate spoken/signed texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||119469||Read/view, analyse and respond to a variety of texts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||9016||Represent analyse and calculate shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional space in different contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Fundamental||119471||Use language and communication in occupational learning programmes||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Fundamental||7468||Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal, business, national and international issues||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Fundamental||119459||Write/present/sign for a wide range of contexts||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||256202||Compile a duty roster||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||256214||Control locomotive movements within a specified work environment using an information system||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||256195||Operate a diesel locomotive||Level 3||NQF Level 03||16|
|Elective||256201||Operate a motor trolley||Level 3||NQF Level 03||16|
|Elective||260918||Operate a radio transceiver||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||256197||Operate a steam heating vehicle||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||13936||Outline the legal environment of a selected industry||Level 3||NQF Level 03||2|
|Elective||260937||Utilise a Radio Train Token system of train control for safe movement on rail||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||264396||Utilise radio order system of train control||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||264378||Utilise semaphore signals for rail movement on double lines||Level 3||NQF Level 03||4|
|Elective||264381||Utilise semaphore signals for rail movement on single lines||Level 3||NQF Level 03||6|
|Elective||264401||Utilise telegraph order system for safe movement on rail||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||264394||Utilise the wooden train staff system of train control for safe movement on rail||Level 3||NQF Level 03||3|
|Elective||264399||Utilise Van Schoor method of train control for safe movement on rail||Level 3||NQF Level 03||5|
|Elective||260917||Administer a Radio Train Token System for safe movement on rail||Level 4||NQF Level 04||8|
|Elective||256196||Operate a steam locomotive||Level 4||NQF Level 04||14|
|Elective||230402||Operate a train equipped with a vacuum brake system||Level 4||NQF Level 04||12|
|Elective||230405||Operate electric locomotive class 5E1 including all upgrades||Level 4||NQF Level 04||24|
|Elective||260919||Operate near and underneath high-voltage equipment||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||264372||Utilise colour-light signalling for rail movement||Level 4||NQF Level 04||18|
|Elective||264418||Utilise pilot working for safe movement on rail||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||264294||Utilise track warrant system of train control||Level 4||NQF Level 04||5|
|Elective||230417||Operate a train equipped with a pneumatic controlled air brake system||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Elective||230407||Operate diesel electric locomotive class GM/GE including all upgrades||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||24|
|Elective||230419||Operate electric locomotive series 6E including all upgrades||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||24|
|Elective||230412||Operate electric motor coach train set 3 kV direct current type 5M2A including all upgrades||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||24|
|Elective||230413||Operate electronically controlled pneumatic train air brake system||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.