SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION: 

General Education and Training Certificate: Horticulture 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
49668  General Education and Training Certificate: Horticulture 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Ornamental Horticulture and Landscape 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
AgriSETA - Agriculture SETA  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
National Certificate  Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation  Horticulture 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  131  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Reregistered  SAQA 10105/14  2015-07-01  2018-06-30 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2019-06-30   2022-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:

This qualification provides learners with a firm foundation of portable skills with which to enter the horticultural industry in its broadest sense, or if already employed in the industry, be able to look forward to a career path in any sector of the industry.

A Learner achieving this qualification will be able to work effectively and productively within the field of horticulture knowing:
  • The basic differences between the various plants.
  • How plants are categorized.
  • How to prepare the soil for planting.
  • How to grow, handle and care for plants.
  • How to apply water to planted areas correctly.

    The principles of health and safety are embedded in all the learning aspects of the qualification.

    The qualification addresses an urgent industry needs to skill its workforce, to produce and maintain high quality plants and landscapes.

    One of the first impressions that a tourist has of a country, is the beauty of its parks, gardens and sports facilities. This qualification aims to introduce and consolidate world class standards of horticultural excellence to enhance South Africa as a tourist destination. The resultant spin-offs will have a positive impact on job creation and economic empowerment in the country.

    Rationale:

    This qualification is aimed at those people with limited formal education. It represents a strategic development in the career and learning pathway of individuals, both from a vocational point of view, as well as from a learning point of view.

    For those wishing to enter the industry, whether they are unemployed or as an Entrepreneur, this qualification offers a solid foundation of all aspects in the horticultural industry including:
  • Landscape construction and maintenance
  • Amenity horticulture
  • Sportsturf
  • Arboriculture
  • Plant propagation
  • Interior plantscaping
  • Retail nurseries
  • Floristry

    As the core is generic to all the above sectors of the horticultural industry, the qualification embodies the principle of portability and forms the base for any future learning. Accordingly, this will facilitate the employment of learners within the industry.
    This qualification addresses both the current and future needs of horticulture in South Africa
    The qualification is accessible to the learner, in both the urban and rural environs. The varied scope illustrates the multiple vocations that are available. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The industry will encourage potential Learners to embark on this qualification as it has universal relevance to the industry and is nationally recognized. Learners who would like to access this qualification should have demonstrated competency in Communication and Numeracy at ABET Level 3.

    Recognition of prior learning

    The qualification may be achieved in part or as a whole through the Recognition of Prior Learning. 

    RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    This qualification consists of a minimum of 131 credits, composed of:
  • Fundamental: 41
  • Core: 65
  • Electives: 25 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Apply the principles of health and safety in the horticultural environment.

    2. Understand the structure of plants and the functions of their various components.

    3. Demonstrate an understanding of the necessity of water for plant growth.

    4. Describe the amount of water to be applied at the most suitable frequency to ensure the healthy growth and development of plants.

    5. Identify the soil types that commonly occur in landscaped areas.

    6. Propagate ornamental plants from seed.

    7. Conduct the care of ornamental seedlings.

    8. Plant and establish ornamental plants from containers into open ground.

    9. Mulch and enrich the soil in established landscapes. 

    ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    1.
  • The provisions of the health and safety act, as they relate to horticulture are described.
  • The duties and responsibilities of employers and employees to provide and maintain a safe working environment are explained.

    2.
  • The role of the leaf in the structure and growth of a plant is explained.
  • The functions of the roots and stems, in the structure and development of a plant are described.
  • The role that the flower has in the reproductive process of a plant is explained.

    3.
  • The necessity of water for the growth and development of plants is described.
  • The factors that affect the water requirements of plants are descried.
  • The importance of watering seedlings and newly transplanted material is explained.

    4.
  • The ideal times and rates of application for watering are described.
  • The scheduling of watering to meet the seasonal and climatic conditions are explained.

    5.
  • The classifications of topsoil and subsoil are explained.
  • The various soil types are described.
  • The necessity of tilling and enriching the soil before planting is explained.

    6.
  • The preparation of the seed bed and the manual sowing of seed are demonstrated.
  • The monitoring and controlling of the germination environment is described.

    7.
  • The maintenance and 'growing on' of seedlings is described.
  • The 'pricking out' of seedlings and the cultural care, prior to the transplanting stage is described.

    8.
  • The procedures for the preparation and planting of ornamentals are described.
  • The backfilling, firming and leveling of the soil is described.
  • The initial care that the plants require is explained.
  • The procedures for the preparation and planting of annual is described.

    9.
  • The materials used in mulching and the benefits derived are described.
  • The role that organic material plays in soil enrichment is explained.
  • The function of chemical fertilizers in soil enrichment of established plantings is explained.

    Integrated assessment:

    The integrated assessment allows the Learners the opportunity to show that they are able to utilize concepts, ideas and actions across unit standards. This will allow Learners to achieve competency that is in keeping with the purpose of the qualification.

    An integrated assessment will indicate how theoretical learning is demonstrated in a practical environment in such a way that the application of the work learnt becomes second nature.

    In conducting an assessment, the quality of the performance must also be evaluated i.e. both the performance and the thinking behind the action must be qualitative.

    The assessment should include both formative and summative options and should use various assessment tools i.e. not by observation only. It is suggested that a Portfolio of Assessment form part of the summative assessment, with practical outcomes being demonstrated in a simulated or real work place situation.

    A broad range of task-orientated and theoretical tools may be used, with the distinction between practical knowledge and disciplinary knowledge being maintained.

    Unit Standards in the qualification must be used to assess the specific and Critical Cross Field Outcomes. It is recommended that the assessment tools give Learners the opportunity to account for their decision-making and problem solving in line with the Specific Outcomes and related Assessment Criteria.

    As a result of this qualification being generic in forming the foundation for a career in horticulture, Learners should be assessed in occupational contexts and activities. The assessment should ensure that the foundational skills are portable and prepare them for further learning, whatever career path they may choose. 

  • INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    Comparisons of the unit standards from the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand, indicate similarities in general horticultural practices. However, given the climatic conditions relative to the countries from which the comparisons were done, deviations in content are unavoidable.

    The horticultural qualifications in the United Kingdom and New Zealand begin at level 2, but much of their content is similar to that covered in this qualification.

    Examples of comparable qualifications from the United Kingdom include:
  • Amenity horticulture: L2 reference 100 / 2393 / 8
  • Production horticulture: L 2 reference 100 / 2392 / 6
  • Certificate in horticulture: L 2 reference 100 / 4284 / 2
  • Certificate in gardening: L 2 reference 100 / 4231 / 3

    Australia has horticultural qualifications from level 1. Due to the structure of their markets, and their production methodologies, many of the unit standards are also used in their agricultural qualifications.

    To ensure portability and general applicability, the South African level 1 and 2 horticultural qualifications are generic. Specialisation into the diverse fields occurs at level 3 and above. Australia however has elected to specialise from level 1.

    The following Australian qualifications were examined, and the notable similarities are:

    1. Registration No RUH10298 - Certificate 1 in Horticulture (Arboriculture)
  • This level 1 qualification covers the practices and procedures used in tree establishment and basic pruning.
  • Many of the unit standards are used in their other horticultural qualifications.
  • In terms of Arboriculture, the South African qualification includes basic tree identification and cultural practices.

    2. Registration No RUH10498 - Certificate 1 in Horticulture (Landscape)
  • This level 1 qualification covers the practices and procedures used in the establishment and maintenance of landscapes.
  • Many of the unit standards are used in their other horticultural qualifications.
  • In terms of landscaping, the South African qualification follows similar lines, but specific landscaping practices are included in the electives.

    3. Registration No RUH10398 - Certificate 1 in Horticulture (Floriculture)
  • This level 1 qualification covers the practices and procedures used in the care and presentation of floral material, both natural and artificial.
  • Many of the unit standards are used in their other horticultural qualifications.
  • In terms of Floriculture, the South African qualification has 3 specific floristry unit standards included in the electives.

    4. Registration No RUH10598 - Certificate 1 in Horticulture (Nursery)
  • This level 1 qualification covers the principles and practices used in the retail garden centres.
  • Many of the unit standards are used in their other horticultural qualifications.
  • Specific to this qualification is the merchandising aspects, which are addressed in the South African level 2 electives.

    5. Registration No RUH10698 - Certificate 1 in Horticulture (Parks and Gardens)
  • This level 1 qualification covers the practices and procedures used in the establishment and maintenance of landscapes for municipalities and state institutions.
  • Many of the unit standards are used in their other horticultural qualifications.
  • In terms of large scale landscaping, the South African qualification addresses the same needs and our terminology for this sector is "Amenity Horticulture" The specific landscaping practices are included in the electives.

    6. Registration No RUH10798 - Certificate 1 in Horticulture (Turf Management)
  • This level 1 qualification covers the practices and procedures used in the establishment and maintenance of large grassed areas, such as golf courses, sportfields and Racetracks.
  • Many of the unit standards are used in their other horticultural qualifications.
  • In terms of turf grass, the South African qualification includes for the basic mowing and care, but the specialist establishment and cultural practices are contained in the "Sports Turf" electives.

    Summary:

    After lengthy discussions, the horticultural SGB and its representative bodies jointly decided that the South African horticultural industry cannot justify six separate qualifications at level 1 and 2. Accordingly, the specialisations will be addressed in the electives in one qualification at each level. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    The generic nature of this qualification and the focus on multi-skilling, will allow articulation within the horticultural industry sectors of :
    Amenity Horticulture, Landscaping, Interior Plantscaping, Garden Design, Sports, Turf, Arboriculture, Floristry, Floriculture, Plant Propagation, Retail Nurseries and Landscape Irrigation.

    As the basics of Agriculture and horticulture are parallel, articulation in the fields of Agronomy, Fruit and Vegetable Production, Nature Conservation and Forestry are possible. 

    MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Anyone assessing a learner against these unit standards must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA and have experience or in depth knowledge of the horticultural industry.

    Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of these unit standards or will assess these unit standards must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the qualification and the agreed ETQA procedure.

    Therefore anyone wishing to be assessed against these unit standards may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution which is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

    CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    Assessors must:
  • Be accredited as an assessor by the relevant ETQA.
  • Have experience or in depth knowledge of the horticultural industry, specifically as it relates to ornamental aspects.
  • Meet any other requirements that may be stipulated by the relevant ETQA.
  • Hold a qualification in Horticulture or Agriculture at NQF Level 2 or higher. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    NOTES 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  119695  Apply fertilizers to ornamental plants and landscapes  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119707  Apply health and safety principles in horticulture  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119702  Apply water to landscaped areas  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119686  Care for ornamental seedlings  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119694  Control weeds manually in plant propagation and landscaping  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119687  Demonstrate a basic understanding of the horticultural industry  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119711  Demonstrate an understand of the basic structure of ornamental plants  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119714  Demonstrate an understanding of the role and requirements of water in plants  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119696  Identify and prepare soils for landscaped planting  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119708  Identify and report common pests and diseases in plant propogation and landscapes  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119689  Identify the major categories of ornamental plants  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119697  Mow lawns in landscaped areas  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119703  Mulch and enrich the soil of established landscaped areas  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119706  Plant and establish ornamental plants from containers into open ground  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119704  Propagate ornamental plants from seed  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119710  Prune and shape ornamental shrubs  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119698  Utilise growth media for ornamental plant containers  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7464  Analyse cultural products and processes as representations of shape, space and time  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7451  Collect, analyse, use and communicate numerical data  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7449  Critically analyse how mathematics is used in social, political and economic relations  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  14084  Demonstrate an understanding of and use the numbering system  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  12203  Demonstrate knowledge of issues relating to HIV and AIDS  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7463  Describe and represent objects and the environment in terms of shape, space, time and motion  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  12462  Engage in a range of speaking and listening interactions for a variety of purposes  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  12471  Explore and use a variety of strategies to learn (revised)  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  12469  Read and respond to a range of text types  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7461  Use maps to access and communicate information concerning routes, location and direction  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  7447  Working with numbers in various contexts  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Fundamental  12470  Write for a variety of different purposes  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Elective  119692  Apply basic tree climbing principles  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  119691  Backfill compact and replant grass sods and plants in irrigation trenches  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  119701  Create an awareness of enviromental protection  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  119690  Establish an area of turf with grass sods  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  119699  Excavate irrigation trenches in established landscapes  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  119705  Handle floristry plant material  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  119700  Install irrigation piping in trenches  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
    Elective  119709  Maintain and conserve the flora in nature areas  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  119688  Maintain optimal environmental conditions for floristry arrangements  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  119693  Treat floristry plant material  Level 2  NQF Level 02 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Agriventions Consulting 
    2. Aludar Agri Trading and Projects Pty Ltd 
    3. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    4. Boland Agri Training & Community Development Centre 
    5. Bomthiya Engineering (Pty) Ltd 
    6. Bumunhu Services Providers Cc 
    7. D'Munwaal CC 
    8. Deneyo's Trading Enterprise 
    9. Dicla Training and Farming 
    10. GAUFLORA CC 
    11. Hephzibah Training and Enterprise 
    12. Hlomulani Training & Consulting 
    13. Hlumelelisa 
    14. IQ Skills Academy Pty Ltd 
    15. Josmap Training Institute 
    16. Kgohlong Training and Enterprise 
    17. Kgothatso Supply and Projects 
    18. Khululekani Training Centre 
    19. LE SIGO 
    20. Leruo ke Matla Training and Enterprise Development Services 
    21. Levites Agricultural Primary Cooperative Limited 
    22. Makavila Suppliers CC. 
    23. Manoyi Farmers Supply 
    24. Mentowell (Pty) Ltd 
    25. Mopani Training Centre 
    26. Mzanzi Training Institute 
    27. Ndukenhle (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Ngwetsana Skills Development 
    29. Nyankwavi Investment CC. 
    30. Obrinet Construction & General Trading 
    31. P N K Management Services 
    32. Phanamandla Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    33. Prempie Business Solutions Pty Ltd 
    34. Reach Out Today Training Centre 
    35. Rekopane Training Centre CC 
    36. SA Entrepreneurship Skills Development And Training (Pty) Ltd 
    37. Salabedla Contracting and Trading 
    38. Sello Phatlhane Projects Enterprise 
    39. Servest Multiservices Group Pty Ltd 
    40. Siyaphepha Occupational Risk Management Services 
    41. Siyasanga Training Centre 
    42. SNNB Trading & Projects 
    43. Thembeni Skills Development Trading and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    44. TRAINING AT WORK (PTY) LTD 
    45. Tshitwamulomoni Trading and Projetcs (Pty) Ltd 
    46. Unity Social Club (Pty) Ltd 
    47. VEB CELE AND ASSOCIATES 
    48. Vhasoni Skills Academy 
    49. Village Agricultural Training (Pty) Ltd 
    50. Zwanthesa Agricultural Co-operative Limited 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.